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KERALA PLANTS - DVD
5094 plants; 880 exotics; 100 more multiple keys for finding plants; 20,000 more plant images; 6,800 local/trade/common names and more...>>>
   
 
  Pterospermum diversifolium
 
  Family: STERCULIACEAE
  Citation:  Pterospermum diversifolium Blume, Bijdr. 88. 1825; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 367. 1874; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 108(78). 1915; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 94. 1984; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 68. 1988; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 81. 1989; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 90. 1990; Chandra in B.D. Sharma & Sanjappa, Fl. India 3: 449. 1993; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 87. 1994; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 67. 1996; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 101. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 43. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 37. 1998; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 95. 2005; V. Chithra in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 465. 2005; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 164. 2009. Pterospermum glabrescens Wight & Arn., Prodr. 69. 1834.
  Malayalam Name(s): Pambaram
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Trees, to 18 m high, bark 4-5 mm thick, surface brown mottled with green and white, fibrous; branches horizontal. Leaves simple, alternate, distichous, 15-30 x 12.5-25 cm, rectangular-oblong or oblong or rarely panduriform, apex acuminate, base cordate or truncate, very variable in young plants and coppice shoots, margin entire, glabrous above, silvery pubescent beneath, coriaceous; nerves 5-7 from base, palmate, prominent, lateral nerves 5-9 pairs, pinnate, prominent, intercostae scalariform, prominent; petiole 10-17 mm long, stout, furfuraceous; stipules lateral, 7 x 4 mm, cauducous. Flowers bisexual, white, axillary, solitary or geminate. Cayx tubular, rusty tomentose out side, grey-pubescent within 5-fid; lobes 10-13 x 0.5-1 cm, linear-lanceolate, furfuraceous. Petals 5, oblong, white, deciduous. Staminal column adnate to the gynophore, bearing 5 groups of 3 stamens each between staminodes. Ovary superior, within the apex of column, 5-celled, ovules many; style entire. Fruit a capsule, 10-12.5 x 2-2.5 cm, oblong, 5-angled, smooth; seeds 8-11 in each cell, winged at one end.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: December-April
  District(s): Kottayam, Kollam, Idukki, Pathanamthitta, Malappuram, Palakkad, Kannur, Thiruvananthapuram, Thrissur, Wayanad
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Evergreen and semi-evergreen forests
  Distribution: Indo-Malesia
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Creamy
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Peechi, Elanad, Kattalappara, Pambavalley, Moozhiar, Panoth, Marapalam area, Nilambur
   
 
   
 
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