Home Kerala Plants - DVD Search Kerala Plants Exotic Plants Garden Plants Trees Shrubs Climbers Medicinal Plants
 
KERALA PLANTS
Search Kerala Plants
Exotic Plants
Garden Plants
Trees
Herbs
Shrubs
Climbers
Medicinal Plants
GENERAL
Introduction
Location
Geology & Soil
Climate
Phytogeography
Vegetation
 
GARDEN PLANTS
Garden Plants Kerala
50 Top Garden Plants
25 Herb Garden Plants
25 Shrub Garden Plants
15 Climber Garden Plants
10 Top Tree Grden Plants
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
   
 
  Psydrax umbellata
 
  Family: RUBIACEAE
  Citation:  Psydrax umbellata (Wight) Bridson, Kew Bull. 48: 762. 1993; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 161. 2002. Canthium umbellatum Wight, Ic. t. 1034. 1845; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 3: 132. 1880. Plectronia didyma (Gaertn. f.) Kurz var. umbellata (Wight) Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 624(440). 1921. Canthium dicoccum (Gaertn.) Teijsm. & Binn. var. umbellatum (Wight) Sant. & Merch., Bull. Bot. Surv. India 3: 107. 1961; Manilal, Fl. Silent Valley 129. 1988; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 212. 1988; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 229. 1990; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 223. 1994; Sasidh. et al., Bot. Stud. Med. Pl. Kerala 25, 33; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 217. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 147. 1999; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 248. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 342. 2009.
  Malayalam Name(s): Nanjul, Karimchulungu
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Evergreen trees, bark yellowish-grey, shallowly fissured; branchlets tetragonous. Leaves simple, opposite decussate, 8-15 x 3-6 cm, elliptic, lanceolate, elliptic-oblong, elliptic-obovate, oblong-lanceolate, ovate or ovate-lanceolate, apex acuminate, caudate-acuminate or obtusely acuminate, base acute or attenuate, margin entire, glabrous, coriaceous; stipules interpetiolar, connate; petiole 6-10 mm, stout, glabrous; lateral nerves 3-6 pairs, pinnate, slender, faint; intercostae reticulate, faint. Flowers bisexual, white, in axillary, compact umbels; peduncle 5 mm long, stout. Calyx tube short, 5-toothed. Corolla tube campanulate; lobes 5, valvate, reflexed. Anthers 5, subsessile on the mouth of the corolla. Ovary inferior, 2-celled, ovules one in each cell; style columnar; stigma capitate. Fruit a drupe, 1.2 cm long, ovoid, black; pyrenes 1-2.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: February-August
  District(s): Palakkad, Alappuzha, Idukki, Pathanamthitta, Kannur, Thiruvananthapuram, Thrissur, Wayanad
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Moist deciduous forests and sacred groves
  Distribution: Indo-Malesia and China
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Vellanimala, Vanchikulam, Karimala, Vengoli, Kariamchola, Valiyaparathode, Damsite, Ranni, Teerthundamala, Arunappara, Lock-hert gap, Karappa, Vandanam
   
 
   
 
Kerala News Online