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  Prosopis juliflora
  Family: FABACEAE/LEGUMINOSAE (Subfam.: Mimosoideae)
  Citation:  Prosopis juliflora (Sw.) DC., Prodr. 2: 447. 1825; Sanjappa, Legumes Ind. 72. 1992; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 123. 1999; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 113. 2002; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 272. 2009. Mimosa juliflora Sw., Prodr. 85. 1788.
  Malayalam Name(s): Sali, Vanni
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Velvet mesquite, Algaroba
  Description: Trees, to 10 m high, bark deeply wavily fissured, yellowish-brown; branchlets zig-zag, glabrous; spines straight, ca. 5 mm long, solitary or paired, divergent, upto 5 cm long on older branches. Leaves bi-pinnate, alternate; stipular thorn to 1.5 cm long; petiole 1-5 cm long, slender; pinnae 2-4, even pinnate, 3-11 cm long, slender, flattened, ending in a short bristle, a circular gland near the base of lower pinnae; leaflets 22-36, opposite; petiolule to 3mm; lamina 6-23 x 1.5-5 mm, oblong or linear-oblong, base obtuse, apex obtuse, emarginate or mucronulate, margin entire, glabrous, chartaceous; midrib slightly excentric; lateral nerves prominent beneath. Flowers bisexual, 1.5 mm across, greenish-yellow, subsessile, in axillary spikes, to 12 cm long; bracteoles minute; calyx 1.5 mm long, campanulate, glabrous, 5-toothed; petals 5, ligulate, sub coherent at base; stamens 10, free, slightly exserted; anthers with an apical gland; ovary superior, stipitate, pubescent, ovules many; style filiform; stigma minute. Fruit a pod, 20-30 x 1.5 cm, pale yellow, glossy, smooth, flattened, with straight parallel sutures or irregularly sub moniliform; seeds ovoid, brown, embedded in pulpy mesocarp.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: October-February
  District(s): Palakkad, Alappuzha, Idukki, Kasaragode
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Planted as fuel wood tree
  Distribution: Northern South America, C. America to Mexico and Antilles, widely naturalised in Tropical Asia
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: Yes
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Localities: Chinnar, Keerapady, Aroor
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