Share web
 
 
 
Home Kerala Plants - DVD Search Kerala Plants Exotic Plants Garden Plants Trees Shrubs Climbers Medicinal Plants
 
KERALA PLANTS
Search Kerala Plants
Exotic Plants
Garden Plants
Trees
Herbs
Shrubs
Climbers
Medicinal Plants
GENERAL
Introduction
Location
Geology & Soil
Climate
Phytogeography
Vegetation
 
KERALA PLANTS - DVD
5094 plants; 880 exotics; 100 more multiple keys for finding plants; 20,000 more plant images; 6,800 local/trade/common names and more...>>>
   
 
  Pongamia pinnata
 
  Family: FABACEAE/LEGUMINOSAE (Subfam.: Papilionoideae)
  Citation:  Pongamia pinnata (L.) Pierre, Fl. Forest. Cochinch. sub. t. 385. 1899; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 79. 1982; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 151. 1988; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 197. 1990; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 167. 1990; Sanjappa, Legumes Ind. 230. 1992; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 156. 1994; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 93. 1995; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 148. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 99. 1997; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 224. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 101. 1999; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 98. 2002; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 215. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 187. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 234. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 300. 2009. Cytisus pinnatus L., Sp. Pl. 741. 1753. Pongamia glabra Vent., Jard. Malm. 28. t.28.1803; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 2:240.1876; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 385(272). 1918. Derris indica (Lam.) Bennet, Journ. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 68. 303. 1971; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 146. 1984; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 125. 1985; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 125. 1989. Galedupa indica Lam., Encycl. 2:594.1788.
  Malayalam Name(s): Minnari, Ungu, Ponnam, Pungu, Punnu, Pongam
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Hongay oil tree, Indian beech tree, Karanj, Pongam oil tree
  Description: Evergreen trees, to18 m high, bark 10-12 mm thick, surface grey, smooth, speckled with brown; branchlets lenticellate. Leaves imparipinnate, alternate, leaflets 5-7, opposite, estipellate; petiolule 6-10 mm; slender, pubescent; leaflet 4.5-12 x 2-7 cm, elliptic-acuminate, elliptic-lanceolate, ovate or ovate-oblong, apex acuminate, margin entire, glabrous, chartaceous; stipules lateral, small, oblong, cauducous; rachis 10-15 cm long, slender, pulvinate, pubescent; lateral nerves 5-8 pairs, pinnate, ascending, slender, faint; intercostae reticulate, obscure. Flowers bisexual, purplish-white, 15-18 mm long, in lax axillary racemes, axis pubescent; bracts small, cauducous. Calyx tube campanulate; minutely 5 toothed, apex truncate; corolla exserted. Petals 5, clawed; standard suborbicular with curved folds above the claw; wings obliquely oblong, slightly adnate above the claws to the obtuse keel petals which are joined near the tip. Stamens 10, monadelphous, the vexillary stamen free below and above; anthers uniform. Ovary subsessile, inferior, 1-celled, ovules 2; style in curved, beardless; stigma capitate. Fruit a pod, 4-5 x 2-2.5 cm, obliquely oblong, flat, thick, pointed at both ends, indehiscent, slightly falcate; seed one, reniform.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: April-December
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Deciduous and mangrove forests, also planted as avenue tree
  Distribution: Indo-Malesia
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Peechi, Kattalappara, Alampetty, Parambikulam, Arayad, Thannithode, Tolpetty, Payyavur, Mukkali forests, Walayar, Nedumkayam, Kalangkunnu, Thenmalai, Kuttamangalam, Attayar, Meenmutty
   
 
   
 
Kerala News Online
 
 
 
 
 
Website Hit Counters