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  Polyalthia longifolia
 
  Family: ANNONACEAE
  Citation:  Polyalthia longifolia (Sonner.) Thw. Enum. Pl. Zeyl. 398. 1864; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 62. 1872; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 16(11). 1915; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 28. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 64. 1984; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 58. 1989; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 7. 1990; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 49. 1990; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 48. 1994; Debika Mitra in B. D. Sharma et al., Fl. India 1: 274. 1993; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 34. 1996; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 42. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 5. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 49. 2005; M. Mohanan in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 166. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 77. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 103. 2009. Uvaria longifolia Sonner., Voy. Aux. Indes 2: 233. pl. 131. 1782.
  Malayalam Name(s): Aranamaram, Ashokam, Cherunna, Choranna
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Cemetery tree, Mast tree, Telegraph Pole Tree
  Description: Tall trees, height 15-20 m; internode 2-2.7 cm; bole straight; crown conical; bark 2 cm thick, grayish-brown, smooth; young branches spreading, pendulous, slender, glabrous or sparsely puberulous when young. Leaves simple, alternate, distichous, estipulate; petiole 10-15 mm, pubescent when young, slender; lamina 15-23 x 2-4 cm, ovate-lanceolate or lanceolate; base round; apex acuminate; margin entire, strongly undulate, glabrous, shining above and dull beneath, coriaceous, lateral nerves up to 30 pairs, obscure, pinnate, intercostae reticulate. Flowers bisexual, green; 2.5-3 mm long, numerous, in umbels or fascicles at the axis of fallen leaves; pedicels slender, 2-3 cm long, slightly pubescent; bracts submedian; sepals 3, 4 x 4 mm, ovate-triangular, pubescent, connate at base; petals 6 (3+3), subequal, linear, broad at base, puberulous; outer petals 65 x 2 mm; inner ones 10-25 x 2.5 mm; stamens numerous, cuneate, connective dialated and thickened beyond the cells; carpels many, puberulous, ovoid, style oblong; stigma sessile; ovule one. Fruit aggregate of berries; berry 2.5 x 1.5 cm ovoid to ellipsoid, obtuse at both ends, glabrous, reddish to black; seed one, almost ovoid, smooth or slightly grooved, pale brown, shiny.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: March-August
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Grown as ornamental tree
  Distribution: Native of Sri Lanka, introduced to many tropical countries
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Green
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: Yes
  Garden: Yes
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Peechi, Parambikulam, Trivandrum, Aroor
   
 
   
 
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