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  Pleiospermium alatum
  Family: RUTACEAE
  Citation:  Pleiospermium alatum (Wall.ex Wight & Arn.) Swingle, J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 6: 427. 1916; K.N. Nair & M.P. Nayar in Hajra et al., Fl. India 4: 315. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 57. 1999. Limonia alata Wall. ex Wight & Arn., Prodr. 92. 1834; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 508. 1875; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 157(112). 1915. Hesperethusa alata (Wall. ex Wight & Arn.) Alston in Trimen, Handb. Fl. Ceylon (Suppl.) 6: 38. 1931. Naringi alata (Wall. ex Wight & Arn.) Ellis, Bull. Bot. Surv. India 22: 193. 1980.
  Malayalam Name(s): Kurtham
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Glabrous trees, armed with single axillary spines; bark grey, lenticellate. Leaves trifoliate, alternate, estipulate; rachis 10-39 mm, glabrous, winged, articulated; petiolule upto 2 mm; leaflets 2.5-6.5 x 1-3 cm, obovate or oblanceolate, base attenuate, apex broadly round and emarginate, margin entire, glabrous, punctate, coriaceous; lateral nerves 3-8 pairs, pinnate, archingly joined towards the margin, slender, slightly raised beneath, intercostae reticulate. Flowers small, bisexual, white, in axillary panicles; peduncles and pedicels pubescent; sepals 4 or 5, free, ovate, finely pubescent; petals 4 or 5, ovate-oblong, glandular-punctate, glabrous or shortly pubescent, white, imbricate; stamens 8 or 10, unequal, filaments linear, subulate, glabrous, anthers linear-oblong, sometimes apiculate; disc annular; ovary obovoid, smoothly glandular, glabrous, 4 or 5 locular; ovules 2 in each locule; stigma capitate. Fruit a berry, subglobose, like a small orange, pericarp rough, glandular pulp mucilaginous, aromatic; 1-2 seeded, seeds ovoid, flattened with a hard and smooth testa.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: February-May
  District(s): Idukki
  Habitat: Dry deciduous forests
  Distribution: Indo-Malesia, China and Australia
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 50-1250
  Localities: Chinnar
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