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  Pittosporum neelgherrense
 
  Family: PITTOSPORACEAE
  Citation:  Pittosporum neelgherrense Wight & Arn., Prodr. 154. 1834; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 198. 1872; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 55(40). 1915; Manilal, Fl. Silent Valley 12. 1988; M.P. Nayar & G.S. Giri in B.D. Sharma & N.P. Balakr., Fl. India 2: 446. 1993; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 63. 1994; Sasidh. et al., Bot. Stud. Med. Pl. Kerala 38. 1996; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 47. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 19. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 17. 2002; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 76. 2002; N.P. Balakr. in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 286. 2005; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 126. 2009.
  Malayalam Name(s): Analivenga
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Small trees to 8 m tall; bark brownish-black, lenticellate, with pungent aromatic smell. Leaves simple, alternate, estipulate; petiole 5-20 mm, slender, glabrous, grooved above; lamina 5-12 x 1.5-4 cm, narrowly elliptic, elliptic-obovate or elliptic-lanceolate, base attenuate or acute, apex acuminate, margin entire, glabrous, thinly coriaceous; lateral nerves 8-14 pairs, slender, faint, pinnate, midrib grooved above and slightly raised beneath, intercostae reticulate. Flowers bisexual, in slender simple racemes; pedicels 5 mm long, glabrous; sepals 5, 1.5 mm long, subulate, margin ciliate; petals yellow, 8 x 1.5 mm, oblong-lanceolate; ovary superior, densely tomentose with brown hairs, 1-celled; stigma 2-lobbed. Fruit a capsule, 2 valved, 1 cm across, yellow, woody, globular or slightly compressed; seeds 4-8, orange-red, smooth.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: January-June
  District(s): Palakkad, Idukki, Thiruvananthapuram, Thrissur, Wayanad, Kannur
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Evergreen and shola deciduous forests
  Distribution: India
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow, White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 1400-1800
  Localities: Sholayar, Vallakkadavu, Kanthaloor forests, Karimala, Valiyaparathode, Damsite, On the banks of Kunthipuzha, Agastyarkudam, Pongalapara, Agasthymala peak
   
 
   
 
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