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  Phyllanthus tenellus
  Citation:  Phyllanthus tenellus Roxb., Fl. Ind. 3: 668. 1832; Dhruvan & Ramla, Journ. Econ. Tax. Bot. 21: 731. 1997; N.P.Balakr. & Chakrab., Fam. Euphorbiaceae India 382. 2007; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 648. 2009. Phyllanthus corcovadensis Muell.-Arg. in Mart, Fl. Bras. 11: 30. 1873. Diasperus tenellus (Roxb.) O.Ktze., Rev. Gen. Pl. 2: 601. 1891. Phyllanthus minor Fawcett & Rendle, J. Bot. 57: 65. 1919.
  Malayalam Name(s): Melarnelli
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Erect annual herbs 20-75 cm tall; stem simple or with permanent branchlets, subterete below, channelled above, glabrous, 3-12 cm long, with 10-25 leaves Leaves alternate, 0.5-2.1 x 0.3-1.1 cm, broadly elliptic to obovate, subacute at tip, acute to rounded at base; petioles 0.5-0.8 mm long; stipules lanceolate-acuminate, 0.8-1.2 x 0.2-0.3 mm. Flowers minute in axillary bisexual or unisexual cymules of 1-5 flowers on deciduous branchlets. Male flowers 1.5 mm across, white, 1-3 in unisexual cymules of 1 or 2 proximal nodes and in bisexual cymules of succeeding 3-10 nodes with female flowers; pedicels filiform, 0.5-1.5 mm long; sepals 5, imbricate, broadly obovate, acute to rounded at apex, 0.5-0.7 x 0.5-0.8 mm, membraneous, whitish with a narrow greenish midrib; disk segments 5, broadly cuneate, thin, entire, 0.2 mm across; stamens 5, free, alternate with the disk segments; filaments filiform, 0.2-0.4 mm long, bent near the tip; anthers oval, dehiscing vertically. Female flowers 1.4-1.6 mm across, 1 or 2 in the bisexual cymules of proximal 3-10 nodes and solitary in the succeeding distal nodes; pedicels capillary, 2.5-6 mm long, terete basal olive green; sepals 5, triangular-ovate, 0.6-0.8 x 0.3-0.5 mm, whitish with a thick greenish midrib, somewhat cuculate and acute at the apex; disk annular to somewhat 5-gonoal, membraneous; ovary smooth; style 3, appressed to ovary, cleft to 2/3; lobes diverging, the tips subcapitate. Capsule depressed-globose, 1.3-1.5 mm across, greenish, smooth; stalk 4-6 mm long; seeds trigonous, 0.75-0.8 x 0.6-0.65 mm, densely papillose.
  Habit: Herb
  Flowering & Fruiting: June-December
  District(s): Alappuzha, Malappuram, Thiruvananthapuram, Palakkad, Thrissur
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Waste places and plantations
  Distribution: Native of Mascarene Islands; now established in many tropical countries
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White, Creamy
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: Yes
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Localities: Pallode, Elavupalam, Vallikunnu, S.L. Puram
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