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  Phyla nodiflora
 
  Family: VERBENACEAE
  Citation:  Phyla nodiflora (L.) Greene, Pittonia 4: 46. 1899; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 231. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 314. 1984; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 296. 1985; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 317. 1989; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 356. 1988; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 617. 1990; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 367. 1990; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 359. 1994; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 241. 2002; Rajendran & Daniel, Indian Verbenaceae 206. 2002; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 564. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 641. 2009. Verbena nodiflora L., Sp. Pl. 20.1753. Lippia nodiflora (L.) A.Rich. in Michx., Fl. Bor. Amer. 2: 15. 1803; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 4: 563. 1885; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1088(762). 1924.
  Malayalam Name(s): Kattuthippali, Neerthippali
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Capeweed, Carpet Weed, Creeping Lip Plant, Creeping Vervain, Purple lippia
  Description: Prostrate herbs, rooting at nodes. Leaves simple, 1-3 x 0.8-1.5 cm, obovate-spathulate or oblanceolate, sometimes elliptic or cuneiform, apex rounded or obtuse, base cuneate, margin sharply serrate above the middle, fleshy, glabrescent to appressed pubescent; petiole to 8 mm long, decurrent. Flowers 5-merous, sessile, aggregated in axillary, globose-capitate or elongate, cylindric, stalked spikes, 1-2.5 cm long when mature and 6-9 mm across; peduncle solitary in eachaxil, 1.5-6 cm long; bracts small, closely imbricate, obovate. Calyx cupular, aboutequalling the corolla tube, deeply 2-cleft; lobes lanceolate. Corolla pink to white, 2-2.5 mm long, salver-form, 2-lipped, upper lip 2-lobed, emarginate, lower 3-lobed. Stamens 4, included. Drupe ca 2 mm long, enclosing two, 1-celled pyrenes.
  Habit: Herb
  Flowering & Fruiting: November-December
  District(s): Palakkad, Kottayam, Alappuzha, Kasaragode, Kollam, Kannur, Thiruvananthapuram, Malappuram, Kozhikkode, Wayanad, Ernakulam, Thrissur
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Coastal sandy areas, paddy fields and stream sides
  Distribution: Tropics and subtropics
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Padippara, Tellicherry, Pappinisseri, Nileswar, Walayar, Veli, Alappuzha beach
   
 
   
 
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