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  Pholidota imbricata
 
  Family: ORCHIDACEAE
  Citation:  Pholidota imbricata Hook., Exot. Fl. t. 138. 1825; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1431(1000). 1928; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 374. 1985; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 786. 1990; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 696. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 435. 1998; Sathish in Manoharan et al., Silent Valley-Whispers Reason 209. 1999; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 334. 2002; Sathish & Manilal, Orchid Memories 213. 2004; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 841. 2009. Pholidota pallida sensu Abraham & Vatsala, Intr. Orch. 288. 1981, non Lindl. 1836; Abraham & Vatsala, Introd. Orchids 288. 1981; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 400. 1984; Manilal, Fl. Silent Valley 301. 1988; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 460. 1988; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 490. 1990; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 386. 1989; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 369. 1995; Sasidh. et al., Bot. Stud. Med. Pl. Kerala 34. 1996; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 452. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 327. 1997; Muktesh, Epiphytic Fl. Western Ghats 113. 1998; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 493. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 679. 2009.
  Malayalam Name(s): Pannamaravazha
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Epiphytes with crowded pseudobulbs and tufted roots. Pseudobulbs 4-6 cm long, oblong-conical, tetragonous, with large deciduous sheathing scales. Leaves 1-2 from the apex of pseudobulb, 14-25 x 3.2-5.5 cm, elliptic-oblanceolate, base attenuate, apex acute or obtuse, coriaceous, strongly 3-nerved. Racemes drooping, axillary, 20-27 cm long. Flowers pinkish-white, hidden by imbricating, bifarious foliaceous persistent bracts; bracts to 6 x 5 mm, ovate-obtuse. Sepals subequal, to 7 x 5 mm, ovate, apex obtuse or acute, 3-nerved. Petals to 6 x 2.5 mm, linear-oblong. Lip to 8 x 8 mm, deeply saccate, sac longitudinally 3-ridged within, 3-lobed, mid-lobe bifid. Column orbicular-ovate, winged. Anthers 2-loculed, pollinia 4. Capsule ellipsoid, pendulous.
  Habit: Herb
  Flowering & Fruiting: September-March
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Semi-evergreen and moist deciduous forests and sacred groves
  Distribution: Indo-Malesia
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): Yes
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Pink, White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Monocotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 700-1000
  Localities: Peechi, Kattalappara, Thekkady, Muthuvarachal, Nilambur, Damsite, Almost all forests, Chandanathode, Taliparamba, Panathur, Santhanpara, Neriamangalam to Velvara, Mukkali forests, Sairandhri, Thiruvizha, Pooyamkutty, Saivila, Punchakolli, Machiri, Teppak
   
 
   
 
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