Share web
 
 
 
Home Kerala Plants - DVD Search Kerala Plants Exotic Plants Garden Plants Trees Shrubs Climbers Medicinal Plants
 
KERALA PLANTS
Search Kerala Plants
Exotic Plants
Garden Plants
Trees
Herbs
Shrubs
Climbers
Medicinal Plants
GENERAL
Introduction
Location
Geology & Soil
Climate
Phytogeography
Vegetation
 
KERALA PLANTS - DVD
5094 plants; 880 exotics; 100 more multiple keys for finding plants; 20,000 more plant images; 6,800 local/trade/common names and more...>>>
   
 
  Persea macrantha
 
  Family: LAURACEAE
  Citation:  Persea macrantha (Nees) Kosterm., Reinwardtia 6: 193. 1962; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 348. 1984; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 397. 1988; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 407. 1990; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 397. 1994; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 315. 1995; Sasidh. et al., Bot. Stud. Med. Pl. Kerala 11,23. 1996; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 383. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 273. 1997; Swarup. et al., Shola For. Kerala 56. 1998; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 588. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 353. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 271. 1999; Ravikumar & Ved, Illustr. Field Guide 100 Red Listed Med. Pl. 279. 2000 Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 271. 2002; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 573. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 426. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 611. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 703. 2009. Machilus macrantha Nees in Wall., Pl. Asiat. Rar. 2: 70. 1831; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 5: 140. 1886; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1227(859). 1925.
  Malayalam Name(s): Kulamavu, Kulirmavu, Kurma, Malamavu, Uramavu, Uravu, Ooravu
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Evergreen trees, to 30 m high, bark 20-25 mm thick, surface pale brown, mottled with dark blotches, scurfy and thinly scaly, rough, exfoliations small, brittle; branchlets glabrous. Leaves simple, alternate, clustered at the tip of branchlets, 6.5-20 x 3.7-10 cm, oblong, elliptic-oblong or ovate-oblong, apex obtuse or obtusely acute, base oblique or acute, margin entire, glabrous, glaucous beneath, coriaceous; petiole 15-40 mm long, stout, grooved above, glabrous; lateral nerves 6-12 pairs, pinnate, prominent, intercostae reticulate, obscre. Flowers bisexual, 10-12 mm across, pale yellow, in panicles from upper axils and terminal. Perianth tube very short, tepals 6, subequal, in 2 series, 4-5 mm, obovate, puberulous; persistent, spreading or reflexed in fruit. Stamens 9 perfect, those of first and second row opposite the perianth lobes, introrse, with long filaments, those of third row opposite the first row, extrorse with slender filaments and a pair of stipitate glands at their base, filaments pubescent 2.5 mm; anthers 4-celled; staminodes 3, in row 4 and opposite the row 2, 4 mm long, stalked, arrow shaped, pubescent. Ovary half inferior, sessile, 1-celled; ovule 1, pendulous; style, slender, 2 mm; stigma discoid. Fruit a berry 15-18 mm across, globose, green with white specks, aromatic, with a basal persistent rim of perianth; lobes reflexed in young fruits, deciduous later; epicarp red when ripe; seed one, globose.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: December-May
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Evergreen, semi-evergreen and moist deciduous forests, also in sacred groves
  Distribution: Peninsular India and Sri Lanka
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Green, White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 700-2000
  Localities: Peechi, Poringal, Rosemala, Karimutty, Vallakkadavu, Sabarimala, Anchurali, Karimala, Kaikatty, Sangili, Kulathupuzha, Nadugani ghats, Kakki hills, Chandanathode, Devicolam, Mukkali forests, Orange Fam area-Kaikatty, Karivara slopes, Aroor, Vandanam, Poo
   
 
   
 
Kerala News Online
 
 
 
 
 
Website Hit Counters