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GARDEN PLANTS
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25 Herb Garden Plants
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  Persea americana
 
  Family: LAURACEAE
  Citation:  Persea americana Mill., Gard. Dict. (ed.8).1768; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 426. 2005; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 704. 2009. Persea gratissima Gaertn., Suppl. Carp. Leipzig. 222, t. 221. 1807; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1241(869). 1925.
  Malayalam Name(s): Vennappazham
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Avocado Pear, Alligator Pear, Aguacate, Abacate, Soldier's Butter
  Description: Trees, to 15 m high. Leaf buds perulate with imbricate scales. Leaves simple, alternate, estipulate; petiole to 20 mm long, slender, glabrous; lamina 8-18 x 4-6 cm, elliptic, elliptic-ovate or elliptic-oblong, base attenuate, apex obtuse, margin entire, glabrous, coriaceous; lateral nerves 5-8 pairs, pinnate, prominent, intercostae reticulate. Flowers bisexual, subsessile, greenish, in compact terminal panicles on branchlets; perianth tomentose, tube turbinate, lobes 3+3; stamens 9, perfect, those of the first and second row opposite the perianth lobes, introrse, those of third row opposite the first row, extrorse with slender filaments and a pair of stipitate glands at their base; staminodes of fourth row opposite the second row, cordate, stipitate; ovary superior, sessile, hairy; style slender; stigma simple. Fruit a berry, 10 x 8 cm, with copious mesocarp; seed 5 x 1.5 cm.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: March-September
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Grown in homesteads
  Distribution: Native of Tropical America; extensively cultivated in the tropics
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Green
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: Yes
  Garden: No
  Edible: Yes
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Upper Moozhiar
   
 
   
 
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