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  Papilionanthe cylindrica
 
  Family: ORCHIDACEAE
  Citation:  Papilionanthe cylindrica (Lindl.) Seidenf., Descr. Epidendr. Koing 1791: 33. 1995; Sathish in Manoharan et al., Silent Valley-Whispers Reason 207. 1999; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 334. 2002; Sathish & Manilal, Orchid Memories 210. 2004; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 838. 2009. Aerides cylindricum Lindl., Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl. 240. 1833; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 6: 44. 1840; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1442(1008). 1928; Abraham & Vatsala, Introd. Orchids 444. 1981; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 478. 2005. Papilionanthe subulata Pradhan, Indian Orch. 563. 1979, non (Koenig) Garay 1974; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 399. 1984; Subram. et al., Journ. Econ. Tax. Bot. 11:9.1987; Manilal, Fl. Silent Valley 299. 1988; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 488. 1990; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 325. 1997; Muktesh, Epiphytic Fl. Western Ghats 113. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 433. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 306. 1999; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 688. 2002.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Butterfly Orchid
  Description: Epiphytic herbs. Leaves to 10 x 0.2 cm, terete. Racemes extra axillary, opposite the leaves, 2-5-flowered; flowers white. Sepals 12 x 8 mm, ovate, obtuse at apex, fleshy. Petals 12 x 8 mm, broadly ovate, obtuse, fleshy. Lip yellow, 3-lobed, lobes equal, side lobes erect, middle lobes recurved; spur 8 mm, conical, obtuse at apex. Pedicels with ovary 1.5 cm. Fruit 4 cm long, slightly winged.
  Habit: Herb
  Flowering & Fruiting: February-April
  District(s): Palakkad, Wayanad, Kollam, Idukki, Pathanamthitta, Thiruvananthapuram, Kannur
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Evergreen and shola forests
  Distribution: South India and Sri Lanka
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): Yes
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White, Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Monocotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 900-1800
  Localities: Alvarakurichi, Olikkudy, Mlappara, Uppermanalar, Karimala, Valiyaparathode, Pongalapara, Agasthymala peak
   
 
   
 
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