Home Kerala Plants - DVD Search Kerala Plants Exotic Plants Garden Plants Trees Shrubs Climbers Medicinal Plants
 
KERALA PLANTS
Search Kerala Plants
Exotic Plants
Garden Plants
Trees
Herbs
Shrubs
Climbers
Medicinal Plants
GENERAL
Introduction
Location
Geology & Soil
Climate
Phytogeography
Vegetation
 
GARDEN PLANTS
Garden Plants Kerala
50 Top Garden Plants
25 Herb Garden Plants
25 Shrub Garden Plants
15 Climber Garden Plants
10 Top Tree Grden Plants
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
   
 
  Oroxylum indicum
 
  Family: BIGNONIACEAE
  Citation:  Oroxylum indicum (L.) Benth. ex Kurz, For. Fl. Burma 2: 238. 1877; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 4: 378. 1884; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 994(698). 1924; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 210. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 294. 1984; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 269. 1985; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 292. 1989; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 327. 1988; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 556. 1990; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 335. 1990; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 259. 1995; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 331. 1996; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 483. 1997; Ravikumar & Ved, Illustr. Field Guide 100 Red Listed Med. Pl. 271. 2000; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 223. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 372. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 524. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 600. 2009. Bignonia indica L., Sp. Pl. 625. 1753.
  Malayalam Name(s): Aralu, Palakapayyani, Payyazhantha, Valpathiri, Vellapathiri, Veluthapathiri
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Indian trumpet flower, Broken Bones Plant, Tree of Damocles
  Description: Medium sized trees, to 12 m high; bark 5-6 mm thick, surface brownish-grey; bole smooth. Leaves compound, 2-3 pinnate, pinnae 5-9; imparipinnate, opposite; leaflets 3-5 in each pinnae, opposite, 7.5-15 x 4-9 cm, ovate, apex acuminate, base cordate, oblique or truncate, margin entire, glabrous, chartaceous; rachis 60-100 cm, stout, glabrous; lateral nerves, 4-6 pairs, pinnate, prominent, puberulent beneath; intercostae reticulate. Flowers bisexual, in lax terminal racemes, reddish-purple outside, pinkish-yellow within, racemes to 30-50 cm long; pedicels 1-2 cm long. Calyx 2.5 cm long, campanulate, coriaceous, glabrous, limb truncate or obscurely toothed. Corolla ca10 cm long, fleshy, campanulate, 5-lobed, lobes 3 cm long. Stamens 5, perfect, the posterior one shortest, filaments inserted below the base of the tube, filaments hairy at base; connective with a short mucrone. Ovary subsessile, contracted at the base; ovule many; style slender; stigma 2-lobed. Fruit a capsule, 40-75 x 5-8 cm, 2 valved, compressed, tapering at both end; seeds thin, papery, 5-6 cm long, winged all around except at base.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: July-December
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Moist deciduous forests, also in the plains
  Distribution: South India and Sri Lanka
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Pink, Creamy, Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 50-1000
  Localities: Peechi, Karimala, Dhoni R. F., Kannoth, Alakode, Mukkali forests, Nagamkulangara, Vadapuram, Thenmalai
   
 
   
 
Kerala News Online