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GARDEN PLANTS
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  Orophea erythrocarpa
 
  Family: ANNONACEAE
  Citation:  Orophea erythrocarpa Bedd., Trans. Linn. Soc. London 20: 5. 1846 & Madras J. Lit. Sci. (n.s.) 6: 71. 1861 & Ic. t. 68. 1868-1874; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 91. 1872; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 24(17). 1915; Ramach. et al., Journ. Econ. Tax. Bot. 1: 95. 1980; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 40. 1988; Kebler, Blumea 33: 47. 1988; Debika Mitra in B. D. Sharma et al., Fl. India 1: 224. 1993; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 29. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 16. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 8. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 4. 2002; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 59. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 45. 2005; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 99. 2009.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Trees to 8 m tall; bark black, smooth; young plants softly pubescent. Leaves simple, alternate, distichous, estipulate; petiole 3-4 mm, pubescent, stout, slightly grooved above, lamina 4-13 x 2-4.5 cm, ovate, elliptic or oblong; base round or truncate; apex acuminate or acute, margin entire, glabrous above, pubescent beneath, especially on midrib beneath, membranous; lateral nerves 6-8 pairs, pinnate, prominent, puberulent beneath, intercostae scalariform. Flowers, bisexual, yellowish 3-4 together, axillary or supra-axillary, tomentose racemes, 7 mm across; pedicels 1-2 cm long, villous; sepals 3, broadly ovate, tomentose, 1.5 mm; petals 6 (3+3); outer petals 4 x 3 mm, orbicular, brown tomentose outside, glabrous inside; inner rhomboid, clawed, curved inward, pubescent at tips, nectaries of inner petals free, oblong, horizontal; stamens 12 in 2 rows, outer 6 imperfect, very small, connectives slightly apiculate at top; carpels 6, red, ovate-oblong, densely strigose; ovules 2; style short, stigma sessile; Fruit aggregate, fruitlets oblong, sessile, reddish, ca. 2.5 cm long; seed one, scrobiculate.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: February-June
  District(s): Thiruvananthapuram, Palakkad, Idukki, Pathanamthitta, Kannur, Kollam, Thrissur, Wayanad
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Evergreen forests
  Distribution: Sri Lanka and Peninsular India
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 1000-1200
  Localities: Peechi, Rosemala, Arjunankotta, Moozhiar, on way to Nilamel, Kottayali, Kariamchola, Arampa, Panoth, Chemungi
   
 
   
 
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