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  Ormosia travancorica
  Family: FABACEAE/LEGUMINOSAE (Subfam.: Papilionoideae)
  Citation:  Ormosia travancorica Bedd., Fl. Sylv. t. 45. 1870; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 2: 253. 1878; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 390(275). 1918; Sanjappa, Legumes Ind. 223. 1992; Sasidh. et al., Bot. Stud. Med. Pl. Kerala 31. 1996; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 148. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 98. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 111. 1998.
  Malayalam Name(s): Malamanchadi
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Evergreen trees, to 25 m high, bark 10-12 mm thick, surface brown, mottled with grey, smooth; brittle; blaze yellowish-brown, streaked. Leaves imparipinnate, alternate, clustered at the tips of branchlets; stipules small, lateral, pubescent; rachis 4.5-20 cm long, slender, pulvinate, pubescent, leaflets 9-13, opposite, exstipellate; petiolule 6-10 mm, slender, pubescent; lamina 3-15 x 2-4.3 cm, elliptic-oblanceolate, elliptic-oblong, or obovate, base acute, obtuse, truncate or oblique, apex acuminate, or caudate-acuminate, margin entire, glabrous above, downy beneath, coriaceous; lateral nerves 4-9 pairs, pinnate, slender, prominent, intercostae reticulate, obscure. Flowers bisexual, purple, striped with green, in axillary and terminal racemes; bracts small; bracteoles minute; calyx tube campanulate, deeply 5 cleft, the upper teeth the shortest; corolla little exserted; petals 5, claws short, the standard orbicular, wings oblong, often more or less sagittate at base, keel petals free, somewhat incurved; stamens 10, free, alternately long and short; anthers versatile; ovary subsessile, inferior, glabrous, 1-celled, ovule 2-many; style subulate, involute; stigma oblique. Fruit a pod 5-7.5 cm long, oblong, thick, flat, red, dehiscent; seed one, rarely 2, obovate or suborbicular, biconvex, bright red.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: February-April
  District(s): Idukki, Kollam, Thrissur, Palakkad
  Habitat: Evergreen and semi-evergreen forests
  Distribution: Southern Western Ghats
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Southern Western Ghats
  IUCN status:
  Localities: Vellanimala, Vazhachal, Kuriachira, Kattalappara, Melmala
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