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  Oldenlandia auricularia
 
  Family: RUBIACEAE
  Citation:  Oldenlandia auricularia (L.) K. Schum. in Engl. & Prantl, Naturl. Pflanzenfam. 4(4): 25. 1891; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 597(421). 1921; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 239. 1990; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 434. 2009. Hedyotis auricularia L., Sp. Pl. 101. 1753; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 3: 58. 1880; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 140. 1982; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 191. 1985; Manilal, Fl. Silent Valley 131. 1988; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 216. 1988; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 327. 1990; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 228. 1994; Sasidh. et al., Bot. Stud. Med. Pl. Kerala 12. 1996; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 220. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 149. 1997; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 324. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 173. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 149. 2002; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 314. 2002; Dutta & Deb, Taxonomic Revision Hedyotis 99. 2004; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 251. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 348. 2009. Exallage auricularia (L.) Bremek., Verh. Acad. Wet. afd. Natuurk. Sect. 2, 48: 142. 1952; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 170. 1995.
  Malayalam Name(s): Erachiketti
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Diffuse to trailing hers; stem 4-angled, bluish, villous when young. Leaves 2-7 x 1-2.5 cm, elliptic-ovate or elliptic-lanceolate, base rounded or cuneate, apex shortly acuminate, lateral nerves 4 or 5 pairs, glabrous; stipules broadly ovate, pectinate on margins. Flowers fascicled at axils; pedicels c. 1 mm long. Calyx tube c. 1 mm long, 4-lobed. Corolla white, campanulate; tube c. 1 mm long; lobes 4, reflexed, hairy at throat. Stamens 4, included. Capsule c. 2 mm across, globose, pubescent, indehiscent. Seeds many, black, 3-angled.
  Habit: Herb
  Flowering & Fruiting: October-December
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Degraded forests and in the plains
  Distribution: Indo-Malesia
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: -1400
  Localities: Peechi, Koruthode, Parambikulam, Arippa, Pathenthode, Campshed area, Allmost all places, Chandanathode, Tolpetty, Alakode, Manjeswar, Panathur, Bhavani river bank, Karimpuzha, Kulathupuzha, Thenmalai, Hereford, Vandalodu, Mundankavu, Athirumala, Pongalap
   
 
   
 
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