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KERALA PLANTS - DVD
5094 plants; 880 exotics; 100 more multiple keys for finding plants; 20,000 more plant images; 6,800 local/trade/common names and more...>>>
   
 
  Ochreinauclea missionis
 
  Family: RUBIACEAE
  Citation:  Ochreinauclea missionis (Wall. ex G. Don) Ridsd., Blumea 24: 332. 1978; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 215. 1984; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 200. 1985; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 343. 1990; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 182. 1995; Sasidh. et al., Bot. Stud. Med. Pl. Kerala 33. 1996; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 231. 1996; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 341. 1997; Ravikumar & Ved, Illustr. Field Guide 100 Red Listed Med. Pl. 264. 2000; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 260. 2005; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 433. 2009. Nauclea missionis Wall. ex G. Don, Gen. Hist. 3: 467. 1834; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 3: 27. 1880; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 582(411). 1921. Sarcocephalus missionis (Wall. ex G. Don) Havil, J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 33: 32. 1897.
  Malayalam Name(s): Aattuvanchi, Neervanchi
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Evergreen trees, to 12 m high, bark greyish-brown, shallowly irregularly grooved; young shoots glabrous. Leaves simple, opposite, decussate, 8-14 x 3.5-6 cm, elliptic, elliptic-obovate or elliptic-oblong, apex acute or obtuse, base attenuate or decurrent, margin entire, glabrous, membranous to chartaceous; stipules 4-10 x 2-5 mm, oblong, obtuse, semi persistent, glabrous; petiole 5-15 mm long, stout, glabrous; lateral nerves 10-13 pairs, pinnate, regular, prominent beneath, intercostae reticulate, slender. Flowers bisexual, yellowish-white, 5-6 mm long, in terminal 2.5-3 cm diameter heads, hypanthia mutually connate at apex. Calyx tube short; lobes 4-5, 2-3 mm long, oblong to trigonal-oblong, pubescent below. Corolla infundibular, 8-10 mm long, greenish-yellow; lobes 4-5, 2-3 mm long, pubescent outside. Stamens 4-5, attached to the throat of corolla; filaments short; anthers 1 mm long, basifixed, introrse, conspicuously protruding from the throat. Ovary 2-locular, inferior; placentae attached to the middle of the septum, heart shaped; ovules many; style 7-10 mm, exserted; stigma spindle shaped. Fruit a drupe, globose, fleshy; seeds ovoid, few in each cell.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: June-November
  District(s): Idukki, Kasaragode, Kollam, Pathanamthitta, Malappuram, Thrissur, Wayanad, Kannur
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Riverine forests
  Distribution: Southern Western Ghats
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Red, White, Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Southern Western Ghats
  IUCN status: Vulnerable (VU)
  Altitude: 50-800
  Localities: Vazhachal, Thannithode, Parappa, Sreekantapuram, Neriamangalam, Pooyamkutty, Nedumkayam, Edacode
   
 
   
 
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