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  Nervilia aragoana
 
  Family: ORCHIDACEAE
  Citation:  Nervilia aragoana Gaud. in Freyc. Voy. Bot. 422, t.35. 1829; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1459(1020). 1928; Abraham & Vatsala, Introd. Orchids 430. 1981; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 365. 1995; Sasidh. et al., Bot. Stud. Med. Pl. Kerala 20. 1996; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 448. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 322. 1997; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 692. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 427. 1998; Ravikumar & Ved, Illustr. Field Guide 100 Red Listed Med. Pl. 254. 2000 Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 331. 2002; Sathish & Manilal, Orchid Memories 202. 2004; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 490. 2005; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 827. 2009. Pogonia carinata Lindl., Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl. 414. 1840; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 6: 120. 1890. Pogonia flabelliformis Lindl., Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl. 415. 1840; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 6: 121. 1890. Nervilia carinata (Lindl.) Schltr. in Engl., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 45: 404. 1911; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1459(1020). 1928. Pogonia scottii Rchb.f., Fl. 55: 276. 1872; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 6: 120. 1890.
  Malayalam Name(s): Nilathamara, Orilathamara
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Tubers about 2 cm across, subglobose, white. Leaf 12 x 8 cm, cordate, broadly ovate, acuminate, with 15-20 cm long petiole. Scape 20 cm tall, lax-flowered. Flowers greenish; bracts 14 x 2 mm, linear-lanceolate, subacuminate; sepals 20 x 4 mm, oblanceolate, acute; petals 20 x 5 mm, similar to sepals; lip 22 x 5 mm, 3-lobed, obovate; lateral lobes oblong, acute; midlobe ovate, acute, crenulate, crimped, incurved, 8 mm long.
  Habit: Herb
  Flowering & Fruiting: April-May
  District(s): Palakkad, Idukki, Pathanamthitta, Malappuram, Kollam, Thrissur, Wayanad
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Moist deciduous forests, also in sacred groves
  Distribution: Indo-Malesia, China to Australia and the Pacific
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Green, Pink
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Monocotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 300-900
  Localities: Peechi, Chimmini, Elanad, Rosemala, Thekkady, Kariamchola, Ranni, Vadapuram, Thenmalai
   
 
   
 
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