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  Neonauclea purpurea
 
  Family: RUBIACEAE
  Citation:  Neonauclea purpurea (Roxb.) Merr., Interpr. Rumph. Herb. Amboin. 483. 1917; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 584(412). 1921; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 182. 1998. Nauclea purpurea Roxb., Pl. Corom. t. 54. 1796; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 3: 26. 1880.
  Malayalam Name(s): Manjanirkadambu
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Small trees, ti 15 m high; bark greyish-brown, exfoliating in small irregular flakes; blaze creamy-yellow. Leaves simple, opposite, decussate; stipules interpetiolar, entire, flat, deciduous; petiole 10-20 mm, stout, glabrous; lamina 10-17.5 x 4-7.3 cm, elliptic or elliptic-lanceolate, base attenuate, apex acute or acuminate, margin entire, glabrous, chartaceous; lateral nerves 6-8 pairs, pinnate, prominent; intercostae scalariform, slender. Flowers bisexual, purple, 12 mm long, sessile, heads 4 cm across, in axillary or terminal heads, mixed with many bracteoles; calyx tube angular, lobes 5, hispid, corolla tube 8 mm long, funnel shaped, glabrous, lobes 5, obovate, obtuse, imbricate; stamens 5, included, attached to the throat of corolla; anthers oblong, apiculate; ovary 2-celled, inferior, ovules many in each cell, pendulous; style 15 mm long, thickened; stigma globose. Fruit a globose receptacle bearing capsule, 5 x 3 mm, obovoid, truncate, hispid above; seeds many, flat, winged, bifid at the tip.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: December-May
  District(s): Idukki, Malappuram, Palakkad, Kozhikkode
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: River banks in evergreen forests
  Distribution: Peninsular India
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Purple
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Peninsular India
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Pambavalley, Sabarimala, Walayar
   
 
   
 
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