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  Neolitsea scrobiculata
  Citation:  Neolitsea scrobiculata (Meisner) Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1240(868). 1925; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 348. 1984; Manilal, Fl. Silent Valley 237. 1988; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 406. 1990; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 397. 1994; Sasidh. et al., Bot. Stud. Med. Pl. Kerala 23. 1996; Swarup. et al., Shola For. Kerala 56. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 353. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 271. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 426. 2005. Litsea scrobiculata Meisner in DC., Prodr. 15: 223. 1864. Litsea zeylanica sensu Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 5: 178. 1886, p.p., non Nees 1823.
  Malayalam Name(s): Mulakunari, Shanthamaram, Vellatan
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Deciduous evergreen trees, to 15 m high; bark grey, smooth; branchlets glabrous, black. Leaves simple, alternate subopposite or in whorls, 5-11 x 2.5-6 cm, elliptic-ovate or ovate, base acute or attenuate, apex obtusely acute or acuminate, margin entire, glabrous above, glaucous beneath, densely scrobiculate, coriaceous; 3-ribbed from base; petiole 15-25 mm long, slender, glabrous; lateral nerves 2-3 pairs, pinnate, faint, intercostae scalariform, faint. Flowers unisexual, 3-8 in axillary, subsessile umbellules; involucral bracts 4, concave, naviculate, deciduous; male flowers: 5 mm across, tepals 4. Stamens 6 in 3 whorls of 2 each, those of the 2 outer rows eglandular, those of the inner row biglandular opposite the first row; filaments to 0.5 mm; anthers 4-celled, 1 m, upper cells introrse, lower lateral; pistillode linear, to 1.5 mm; female flowers: 6 m across; tepals 4, free, lanceolate, 3 mm, acute. Ovary 7 x 5 mm, half inferior, globose; style 2 mm; stigma discoid; staminodes 6, in 3 series, first and second whorl linear, third whorl of stalked staminodes with 2-lobed sterile anthers. Fruit a drupe 8 mm across, globose, with a basal rim of perianth tube; epicarp fleshy, crinkled, brownish-black when dry; seed 6 m across, globose.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: May-August
  District(s): Wayanad, Palakkad, Kollam, Idukki, Pathanamthitta, Thiruvananthapuram, Kozhikkode, Kannur
  Habitat: Evergreen and shola forests
  Distribution: Western Ghats
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Western Ghats
  IUCN status:
  Localities: Arjunankotta, Karimala, Kariamchola, Pandaravarai, Pathenthode, Valiyaparathode, Aruvanpara, Kakki hills, Karasurymala, Anamadai area
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