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  Neolitsea fischeri
 
  Family: LAURACEAE
  Citation:  Neolitsea fischeri Gamble, Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1925: 132. 1925 & Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1239(868). 1925; Swarup. et al., Shola For. Kerala 56. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 352. 1998.
  Malayalam Name(s): Varimaram
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Evergreen trees, to 10 m high; bark greyish-brown, smooth; blaze dull red or yellow; young parts golden fulvous. Leaves buds tawny perulate. Leaves simple, alternate, subopposite or in whorls, estipulate; petiole 15-30 mm long, stout, fulvous tomentose; lamina 7-16 x 2-9 cm, elliptic or elliptic obovate, base acute or cuneate, apex obtuse, margin entire, glabrous and shining above, glaucous and white beneath, coriaceous; nerves 3-ribbed from base, lateral nerves 3-4, pinnate, prominent, intercostae scalariform, prominent; thick fulvous-villous when young on the ribs and nerves beneath. Flowers unisexual, in sessile lateral umbellules; bracts 4, covered with scales; perianth lobes 4, triangular, villous; stamens usually 6, in 3 rows, those of 2 outer rows eglandular, those of 2 inner biglandular; sometimes 9 or 12 stamens in middle flowers; filaments villous; rudimentary pistil ovoid; staminodes 6, arranged as the stamens; ovary half inferior, ovoid; style thick; stigma peltate. Fruit a drupe, 10-15 x 10 mm, globose or obovoid, glabrous, seated on perianth tube of 10 mm diameter; pedicel short and thick.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: January-May
  District(s): Idukki
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Evergreen and shola forests
  Distribution: Southern Western Ghats
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Southern Western Ghats
  IUCN status: Vulnerable (VU)
  Altitude:
  Localities: Vellimala, Anakuthivayal, Old Devicolam to Gudular Junction, Lock-hert gap
   
 
   
 
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