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  Myxopyrum smilacifolium
 
  Family: OLEACEAE
  Citation:  Myxopyrum smilacifolium (Wall.) Blume, Mus. Bot. Ludg.-Bat. 1: 320. 1851; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 3: 618. 1882; Kiew, Blumea 29: 509. 1984; Manilal, Fl. Silent Valley 172. 1988; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 404. 1990; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 275. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 199. 1997; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 404. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 239. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 185. 2002; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 431. 2002; P. S. Green, Kew Bull. 58: 273. 2003; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 304. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 415. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 512. 2009. Chionanthus smilacifolia Wall. in Roxb., Fl. Ind. 1: 108. 1820. Myxopyrum serratulum Hill., Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1910: 41. 1910; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 798(561). 1923; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 249. 1984; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 272. 1988; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 236. 1989; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 276. 1990; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 286. 1994; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 212. 1995.
  Malayalam Name(s): Chathuramulla, Chathuravalli, Chathurakkodi
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Twining shrubs; branches 4-angular. Leaves simple, opposite, 7-13 x 3-5 cm, elliptic-ovate or oblong, base rounded to subcordate, margins serrulate from the middle towards apex, apex acuminate, basally 5-nerved, subcoriaceous; petiole to 1.2 cm long. Flowers in axillary trichotomous short panicles, 4-merous, bisexual. Calyx 1-1.5 cm long, lobes 4. Corolla yellowish, tube 1-2 mm long; lobes 4. Stamens 2, included. Ovary 2-locular; ovules 1-2-per locule; stigma 2-lobed. Berry 1-1.5 cm across, globose, black; seeds 2.
  Habit: Climber
  Flowering & Fruiting: February-August
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Semi-evergreen and evergreen forests, also in sacred groves
  Distribution: South East Asia and India
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 700-1000
  Localities: Peechi, Vellanimala, Vazhachal, Rosemala, Kallar, Koruthode, Vallakkadavu, Karimala, Poochapara, Thannithode, Arampa, Kannoth, Mukkali forests, Karuvarakundu, Ettapadappu, Sharangakavu, Athirumala, Bonaccord, Peppara
   
 
   
 
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