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  Myristica malabarica
 
  Family: MYRISTICACEAE
  Citation:  Myristica malabarica Lam., Acad. Roy. Sci. Mem. Math. Phys. (Paris) 162. 1791; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 5: 103. 1886; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1213(850). 1925; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 249. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 342. 1984; Manilal, Fl. Silent Valley 233. 1988; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 687. 1990; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 401. 1990; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 387. 1994; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 311. 1995; Sasidh. et al., Bot. Stud. Med. Pl. Kerala 24. 1996; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 378. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 261. 1997; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 581. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 341. 1998; Ravikumar & Ved, Illustr. Field Guide 100 Red Listed Med. Pl. 250. 2000 Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 559. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 421. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 608. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 692. 2009.
  Malayalam Name(s): Chorapali, Panampalka, Pasupasi, Pathri, Ponnampoovu, Ponnampayin
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Malabar nutmeg, Bombay mace, False nutmeg
  Description: Dioecious trees, height to 20 m tall; bark 8-10 mm thick, greenish-black, smooth, tuberculate-lenticellate; exudation deep red; branchlets glabrous. Leaves simple, alternate, distichous, 7-20 x 3-10 cm, elliptic or elliptic-oblong, apex acute, base acute or attenuate, or subacute, margin entire, glabrous and glossy above and glaucous beneath, coriaceous; lateral nerves 8-14 pairs, pinnate, slender; petiole 10-15 mm long, stout, grooved above, glabrous. Flowers unisexual, white; male in cymes, axillary or from the old axils below the leaves, generally cymosely branched, rarely simple. Male flowers: more numerous than in female and smaller, umbelled at the apex of branchlets; perianth urceolate, minutely puberulous outside, glabrous inside, 3-4 cleft at apex; staminal column stalked, slightly produces above the anthers, pubescent; anthers 10-15, linear. Female flowers: slightly larger than male peduncle generally simple with 3 umbelled pedicels at the apex, rarely once branched and bearing 5-6 flowers; bracteole forming a narrow linear cup round the base of the perianth; ovary superior, sessile, globose, hairy, stigma 2 clefted, glabrous. Fruit a capsule 5-7.5 x 1.8-3.5, oblong, pubescent, seed one, oblong, obtuse, slightly flattened on one side, aril yellow, irregularly lobed, laciniate, extending to the apex of the seed.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: January-September
  District(s): Alappuzha, Kollam, Idukki, Pathanamthitta, Malappuram, Palakkad, Thiruvananthapuram, Kozhikkode, Thrissur, Wayanad, Kannur
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Evergreen and swamp forests
  Distribution: Western Ghats
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Western Ghats
  IUCN status: Vulnerable (VU)
  Altitude: 100-1000
  Localities: Chimmini, Choodal, Umiyar, Koruthode, Arippa, Punnamala, Mukkali slopes, Appuppanthode, Mukkali forests, Vattappara-Inchikuzhi, Siruvani slopes, Kottur R.F., Klamala R.F., Cherthala, Elanginelvallikavu, Vaniampuzha, Thenmalai, Ettapadappu, Athirumala, Bo
   
 
   
 
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