Home Kerala Plants - DVD Search Kerala Plants Exotic Plants Garden Plants Trees Shrubs Climbers Medicinal Plants
 
KERALA PLANTS
Search Kerala Plants
Exotic Plants
Garden Plants
Trees
Herbs
Shrubs
Climbers
Medicinal Plants
GENERAL
Introduction
Location
Geology & Soil
Climate
Phytogeography
Vegetation
 
GARDEN PLANTS
Garden Plants Kerala
50 Top Garden Plants
25 Herb Garden Plants
25 Shrub Garden Plants
15 Climber Garden Plants
10 Top Tree Grden Plants
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
   
 
  Myristica fragrans
 
  Family: MYRISTICACEAE
  Citation:  Myristica fragrans Houtt., Hist. Nat. 3: 333. 1774; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 5: 102. 1886; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1214(850). 1925; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 249. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 342. 1984; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 345. 1989; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 388. 1994; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 311. 1995; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 582. 1997; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 421. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 608. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 693. 2009.
  Malayalam Name(s): Jathikka, Jathi
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Nutmeg tree, Mace tree
  Description: Evergreen dioecious trees, to 8 m high; bark black; branches horizontal. Leaves simple, alternate, estipulate; petiole 9-15 mm long, slender, grooved above, glabrous; lamina 9-18 x 2.5-6 cm, elliptic, elliptic-lanceolate, elliptic-oblanceolate or elliptic-obovate, base acute or attenuate, margin entire, glabrous, shiny above and glaucous beneath, coriaceous; lateral nerves 10-14 pairs, pinnate, prominent, intercostae reticulate. Flowers unisexual, yellow; male flowers: 3-5 in axillary cymes, urceolate; pedicels drooping; bracts deciduous; bracteoles persistent; peranth 3-lobed, tawny villous; stamens 9-12, connate in to a central stipitate coloum; female flowers: urceolate, larger than the male, few in axillary cymes; pedicels drooping; bracts deciduous; bracteoles persistent; perianth 3-lobed, tawny villous; ovary superior, ovoid, 1-celled, 1-ovuled; stigmas connate, 2-lobed. Fruit a capsule, yellow to 5 cm long; aril red, lacinate; seed brown.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: December-August
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Cultivated
  Distribution: Native of East Moluccas
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: Yes
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: Yes
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Teppakulam
   
 
   
 
Kerala News Online