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  Moringa pterygosperma
 
  Family: MORINGACEAE
  Citation:  Moringa pterygosperma Gaertn., Fruct. 2: 314. 1791; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 2: 45. 1876; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 131. 1984; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 115. 1989; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 140. 1990; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 81. 1999; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 191. 2009. Moringa oleifera Bedd., Fl. Sylv. t. 80. 1871, non Lam. 1785; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 269(192). 1918; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 73. 1982; Uniyal in N.P. Singh et al., Fl. India 5: 516. 2000; N.C. Nair in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 821. 2005.
  Malayalam Name(s): Muringa, Moringa, Sigru
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Ben Oil Tree, Coatli, Drumstick tree, Horseradish tree, Oil of ben tree
  Description: Small trees; branchlets lenticellate. Leaves tri-pinnate, to 50 cm, tomentose, pinnae and pinnules opposite, rachis thickened; leaflets to 2 x 1 cm, oblong, obtuse at apex, pubescent; petiolule to 1 mm. Panicles axillary, tomentose; flowers white, pedicels to 1.5 cm; calyx lobes 1.5 cm, oblong, reflexed, pubescent outside; petals 1.5 x 0.5 cm, spathulate, unequal; fertile stamens 5, filaments 1 cm; anthers one celled, intervened by 5 or 7 staminodes; ovary 1-celled, 3-valved, to 5 mm, ovoid, tomentose, style 8 mm, stigma perforated. Pod to 50 cm, 9-ribbed; seeds winged.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: November-March
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Cultivated
  Distribution: Cultivated throughout India and many tropical countries
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White, Creamy
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: Yes
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Chinnar, Karivara slopes, Damapady
   
 
   
 
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