Home Kerala Plants - DVD Search Kerala Plants Exotic Plants Garden Plants Trees Shrubs Climbers Medicinal Plants
 
KERALA PLANTS
Search Kerala Plants
Exotic Plants
Garden Plants
Trees
Herbs
Shrubs
Climbers
Medicinal Plants
GENERAL
Introduction
Location
Geology & Soil
Climate
Phytogeography
Vegetation
 
GARDEN PLANTS
Garden Plants Kerala
50 Top Garden Plants
25 Herb Garden Plants
25 Shrub Garden Plants
15 Climber Garden Plants
10 Top Tree Grden Plants
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
   
 
  Morinda citrifolia
 
  Family: RUBIACEAE
  Citation:  Morinda citrifolia L., Sp. Pl. 176. 1753; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 3: 155. 1880; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 651(459). 1921; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 144. 1982; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 197. 1985; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 225. 1988; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 197. 1989; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 340. 1990; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 236. 1994; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 358. 2009. Morinda bracteata Roxb., Fl. Ind. 1: 544. 1832.
  Malayalam Name(s): Cherumanjanathi, Kattapitalavam, Manjanathi
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Great Morinda, Indian Mulberry
  Description: Evergreen shrubs or small crooked trees, 3-8 m high; bark greyish or yellowish- brown, shallowly fissured, glabrous; branchlets quandrangular. Leaves simple, opposite, 12-50 x 5-17 cm, elliptic-lanceolate, entire, acute to shortly acuminate to apex, cuneate at base, pinnately nerved, glabrous; petioles 0.5-2.5 cm long; stipules variable in size and shape, broadly triangular. Flowers bisexual, fragrant, in dense globose heads, connate by the calyces, peduncle 1-4 cm long, opposite to normally developed leaves. Calyx tube hemispheric, limb truncate. Corolla funnel-shaped, up to 1.5 cm long, lobes 5 lanceolate, acute. Stamens 5, inserted on the mouth of the corolla; filaments hairy. Ovary 2-celled, ovule solitary; stigma bilobed. Fruit an ovoid syncarp of pyramidal, 2-seeded drupes, 3-10 cm x 2-3 cm, yellow-white; seeds black, with hard albumen and distinct air chamber.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: July-November
  District(s): Kottayam, Alappuzha, Kasaragode, Kannur, Thiruvananthapuram, Malappuram, Kozhikkode, Ernakulam, Thrissur
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Waste places and mangrove forests
  Distribution: Indo-Malesia to Australia
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Ezhimala, Tellicherry, Kumbla, Manjeswar, Kovalam, Kazhakkuttam, Vizhinjam, Kasaragod, Thrikkunnapuzha
   
 
   
 
Kerala News Online