Home Kerala Plants - DVD Search Kerala Plants Exotic Plants Garden Plants Trees Shrubs Climbers Medicinal Plants
Search Kerala Plants
Exotic Plants
Garden Plants
Medicinal Plants
Geology & Soil
Garden Plants Kerala
50 Top Garden Plants
25 Herb Garden Plants
25 Shrub Garden Plants
15 Climber Garden Plants
10 Top Tree Grden Plants
  Morinda citrifolia
  Citation:  Morinda citrifolia L., Sp. Pl. 176. 1753; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 3: 155. 1880; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 651(459). 1921; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 144. 1982; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 197. 1985; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 225. 1988; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 197. 1989; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 340. 1990; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 236. 1994; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 358. 2009. Morinda bracteata Roxb., Fl. Ind. 1: 544. 1832.
  Malayalam Name(s): Cherumanjanathi, Kattapitalavam, Manjanathi
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Great Morinda, Indian Mulberry
  Description: Evergreen shrubs or small crooked trees, 3-8 m high; bark greyish or yellowish- brown, shallowly fissured, glabrous; branchlets quandrangular. Leaves simple, opposite, 12-50 x 5-17 cm, elliptic-lanceolate, entire, acute to shortly acuminate to apex, cuneate at base, pinnately nerved, glabrous; petioles 0.5-2.5 cm long; stipules variable in size and shape, broadly triangular. Flowers bisexual, fragrant, in dense globose heads, connate by the calyces, peduncle 1-4 cm long, opposite to normally developed leaves. Calyx tube hemispheric, limb truncate. Corolla funnel-shaped, up to 1.5 cm long, lobes 5 lanceolate, acute. Stamens 5, inserted on the mouth of the corolla; filaments hairy. Ovary 2-celled, ovule solitary; stigma bilobed. Fruit an ovoid syncarp of pyramidal, 2-seeded drupes, 3-10 cm x 2-3 cm, yellow-white; seeds black, with hard albumen and distinct air chamber.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: July-November
  District(s): Kottayam, Alappuzha, Kasaragode, Kannur, Thiruvananthapuram, Malappuram, Kozhikkode, Ernakulam, Thrissur
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Waste places and mangrove forests
  Distribution: Indo-Malesia to Australia
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Localities: Ezhimala, Tellicherry, Kumbla, Manjeswar, Kovalam, Kazhakkuttam, Vizhinjam, Kasaragod, Thrikkunnapuzha
Kerala News Online