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KERALA PLANTS - DVD
5094 plants; 880 exotics; 100 more multiple keys for finding plants; 20,000 more plant images; 6,800 local/trade/common names and more...>>>
   
 
  Momordica charantia var. muricata
 
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  Family: CUCURBITACEAE
  Citation:  Momordica charantia var. muricata (Willd.) Chakrav., Fasc. Fl. Ind. 11: 92. 1982. Momordica muricata Willd., Sp. Pl. 4: 602. 1805. Momordica charantia L. var. abbreviata Ser. in DC., Prodr. 3: 311. 1828; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 178. 1985. Momordica balsamina sensu Subram., Indian For. 96: 527. 1970, non L. 1753.
  Malayalam Name(s): Undapaval, Kaippanpaval
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Annual climber with unbranched glabrous tendrils, monoecious. Stem pubescent to glabrescent. Leaves orbicular, 1.5-5.0 (-12.0) cm long and as broad, cordate, glabrous or sparsely hairy, 3-5-lobed, middle lobes broadly ovate or rhombic-ovate, sinuate-dentate or acutely lobulate. Petiole 1-3(-4) cm long, pubescent. Flowers yellow, 2.5-3.0 cm across, pedicellate. Male flowers solitary, on 1.5(-7) cm long peduncle, bearing near the apex a sessile, broadly ovate-cordate, subglabrous, dentate bract; female flowers on 5-15 mm long basally bracteate or ebracteate peduncles. Calyx tube 5-6 mm long, pubescent, lobes ovate, acuminate, 3-3.5 mm broad. Corolla slightly zygomorphic, brown at base, lobes yellow, obovate, 10-15 mm long, 8-10(-12) mm broad. Ovary fusiform, beaked, puberulous, longitudinally tuberculate. Fruit broadly ovoid, narrowed at ends, 2-7 cm long, 1-2.5 cm broad, orange-red, tuberculate. Seeds elliptic-ovate, 1-1.2 cm long, 6-7 mm broad.
  Habit: Climber
  Flowering & Fruiting: June-September
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Cultivated, also run in wild
  Distribution: Tropical countries
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: Yes
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Nileswar
   
 
   
 
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