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  Mitrephora grandiflora
 
  Family: ANNONACEAE
  Citation:  Mitrephora grandiflora Bedd., Ic. t. 101. 1868-1874; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 78. 1872; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 19(14). 1915; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 63. 1984; Debika Mitra in B. D. Sharma et al., Fl. India 1: 243. 1993; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 29. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 16. 1997.
  Malayalam Name(s): Manjara
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Trees 7-12 m tall; bark black, smooth; branchlets horizontal; young shoots golden-brown, tomentose. Leaves simple, alternate, distichous, estipulate; petiole 1 mm, pubescent when young, stout, slightly grooved above; lamina 4-15 x 3-7.5 cm, elliptic, elliptic-lanceolate, ovate or ovate-lanceolate; base obtuse, round or truncate; apex acute or slightly acuminate; margin entire, glabrous, coriaceous, glabrous and shining above, glabrescent beneath with hairy glands in the axil of leaves; lateral veins 6-10 pairs, pinnate, intercostae reticulate, intramarginal nerves present, nerves pubescent and prominent beneath. Flowers bisexual, white, turning yellow, solitary or in groups of 2-3 in leaf opposed cymes; pedicels 1 cm long; sepals 3, densely tomentose, connate at base, broadly ovate or orbicular 4-5 mm across, yellowish-brown pubescent; petals 6 (3+3), outer petals 3 x 2 cm, obovate-acute, white, turning yellow, pubescent outside, subglabrous inside; inner ones 1-1.5 x 0.3-0.5 cm lozenge shaped, triangular at apex with long broad claw, veluted and cohering, white with red streaks, tomentose on both sides, inner petal dissimilar to the outer, forming a mitriform cap over the stamens and carpels, cauducous; torus convex; stamens many, oblong, 1 mm long, connectives flat at top, hiding the anther cells; carpels many, oblong-ovate, 2 mm long, strigose; ovules 4-6; stigma club shaped. Fruit aggregate of berries, fruitlets globose, tomentose; seeds 1-2.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: January-April
  District(s): Kollam, Thrissur, Kasaragode
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Evergreen and semi-evergreen forests
  Distribution: Southern Western Ghats
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White, Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Southern Western Ghats
  IUCN status: Vulnerable (VU)
  Altitude:
  Localities: Peechi, Vellanimala, Kallar, Rosemala
   
 
   
 
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