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  Mitragyna parvifolia
 
  Family: RUBIACEAE
  Citation:  Mitragyna parvifolia (Roxb.) Korth., Observ. Naucl. Ind. 19. 1839; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 585(413). 1921; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 133. 1982; Manilal, Fl. Silent Valley 136. 1988; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 225. 1988; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 338. 1990; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 236. 1990; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 183. 1995; Sasidh. et al., Bot. Stud. Med. Pl. Kerala 12, 19; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 227. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 158. 1997; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 334. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 179. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 152. 1999; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 154. 2002; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 428. 2009. Nauclea parvifolia Roxb., Pl. Corom. t. 52. 1796. Stephegyne parvifolia (Roxb.) Korth., Verh. Nat. Gesch. Ned. Bezitt. Bot. 161. 1842; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 3: 25. 1880.
  Malayalam Name(s): Kadamamaram, Kadambu, Neerkadambu, Poochakadambu, Sirikadamba, Veembu
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Kaim
  Description: Deciduous trees, to 25 m high, bark 20-25 mm thick, grey-black, smooth exfoliations thin, irregular, fibrous; blaze pink, traversed by whitish rays; branchlets subterete. Leaves simple, opposite, decussate; stipules 1 cm long, interpetiolar, ovate-oblong or obovate, foliaceous, membranous, cauducous; petiole 10-40 mm long, stout, grooved above, glabrous; lamina 5-16 cm x 2.5-10 cm, variable, ovate, orbicular, elliptic or ovate-oblong, base obtuse, attenuate, acute or subcordate, apex obtuse or round; margin entire, glabrous, coriaceous; lateral nerves 6-10 pairs, pinnate, prominent beneath; intercostae scalariform, slender; domatia present. Flowers bisexual, creamy white, 10-12 mm long, in terminal heads; peduncle supported by a pair of bract like oblong leaves; bracteoles small, subulate; calyx tube short, truncate, rim even; corolla tube funnel shaped, 8 mm long, villous inside, lobes 4-5 oblong, reflexed; stamens 5, attached towards the apex of corolla tube; anthers apiculate; ovary 2-celled, inferior, ovules many; style filiform; stigma mitriform, hollow at base. Fruit capsules in globose heads, 2-3 mm long, ribbed, separating in to two cocci, brown; seeds many, small, 10-ribbed.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: March-December
  District(s): Palakkad, Idukki, Malappuram, Kannur, Kollam, Kozhikkode, Thrissur, Wayanad
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Moist deciduous forests
  Distribution: Indo-Malesia
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Peechi, Pullankandom, Kattalappara, Athiyodai, Koruthode, Swamikkayam, Anakkalvayal, Chindaki forest, Panthenthode border, Baveli, Tolpetty, Mukkali forests, Walayar, Kavalamukata, Kulathupuzha
   
 
   
 
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