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  Mesua ferrea var. ferrea
 
  Family: CLUSIACEAE/GUTTIFERAE
  Citation:  Mesua ferrea L., Sp. Pl. 515. 1753, var. ferrea; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 277. 1874; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 77(55). 1915; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 81. 1984; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 71. 1985; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 46. 1990; N.P. Singh in B.D. Sharma & Sanjappa, Fl. India 3:136.1993; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 22. 1995; Sasidh. et al., Bot. Stud. Med. Pl. Kerala 22,30. 1996; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 53. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 32. 1997; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 70. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 23. 2002; W. Arisdason & P. Daniel in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 349. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 110. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 137. 2009. Mesua nagassarium (Burm. f.) Kosterm., Ceylon J. Sci. 12, 1: 71. 1976; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 55. 1988; Manilal, Fl. Silent Valley 21. 1988; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 72. 1990; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 73. 1994; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 88. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 72. 2005.
  Malayalam Name(s): Churuli, Eliponku, Nagachempakam, Nagakesaram, Nagapoovu, Nangakilkuru, Nangu, Peri, Seemanagapoovu, Vayanaavu, Veluthapala
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Indian Rose chestnut, Ceylon Ironwood, Cobra's Saffron, Inagas tree, Ironwood, Mesua, Nagas tree, Penaga Lili
  Description: Trees; bark ash or grey coloured, reddish when cut. Leaves red and pendulous when young, simple, opposite, 8-12 x 2-4.5 cm, elliptic to oblong- lanceolate, base broadly attenuate or rounded, apex acuminate or cuspidate, coriaceous, shiny above, glaucous beneath and generally covered with a wax-like white powder beneath; nerves many, close and parallel; petiole to 1 cm long. Flowers white, scented, solitary or in pairs at axils, bisexual, 4.5-5.5 cm, across. Sepals 4 in two pairs, 1.3-1.6 cm long, broadly ovate, persistent. Petals 4, sometimes 5, white with brown veins, 2.5-3.5 x 1.3-1.5 cm, obovate or obcordae, margins curled. Stamens numerous; anthers yellow. Ovary 4-6 mm long, ovoid; ovules 2 in each locule; stigma peltate. Fruits 2-2.5 x 1.5-2 cm, ovoid; seeds 1-4, pyriform, dark brown.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: April-July
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Evergreen forests
  Distribution: Indo-Malesia
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Peechi, Sholayar, Karimala Hills, Kattalappara, Nelluyampathy forests, Kariamchola, Karimalagopuram, Damsite, Aruvanpara, On the banks of Kunthipuzha, Kakki hills, Chandanathode, Ayyappankovil, Peradala, Chettikulangara, Ampumala, Rockwood, Ettapadappu,
   
 
   
 
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