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KERALA PLANTS - DVD
5094 plants; 880 exotics; 100 more multiple keys for finding plants; 20,000 more plant images; 6,800 local/trade/common names and more...>>>
   
 
  Mesua ferrea var. coromandeliana
 
  Family: CLUSIACEAE/GUTTIFERAE
  Citation:  Mesua ferrea L. var. coromandeliana (Wight) N.P. Singh, Journ. Econ. Tax. Bot. 10: 203. 1987 & in B.D. Sharma & Sanjappa, Fl. India 3: 137. 1993; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 30. 1999; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 32. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 26. 1998. Mesua ferrea L. ssp. pulchella Vesque var. coromandeliana (Wight) Mahesh., Bull. Bot. Surv. India 5: 336. 1964. Mesua coromandeliana Wight, Ic. t. 117. 1839.
  Malayalam Name(s): Kilinangu, Nangu, Veluthapala
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Iron Wood
  Description: Evergreen trees, to 25 m high, bole straight, buttressed, bark greyish-brown, blaze pink; branchlets terete, glabrous, swollen at nodes. Leaves simple, opposite, decussate, estipulate; petiole 6-10 mm, slender, glabrous; lamina 5-10 x 2-3 cm, elliptic or elliptic-lanceolate, base narrowed, acute or obtuse, apex acuminate or caudate-acuminate, margin entire, glabrous, shining, coriaceous; lateral veins many, parallel, close, obscure, intercostae reticulate, obscure. Flowers bisexual, solitary, axillary, 1.5 cm across, white; pedicel 2-8 mm long, stout; sepals 4, outer 2 oblong, 1 x 1 cm, inner 2 orbicular, 1.5 x 1 cm, glabrous, softly pruinose; petals 4, 2.5-3 x 1.5 cm, white, obovate; stamens numerous, filaments of various length; anthers large; ovary superior, 2-3.5 mm long, globose, 2-locular; ovules 2 per cell; style 5-7 mm long; stigma peltate. Fruit a capsule, 2.5-3 cm long, ovoid, woody, shortly acuminate at apex, subtended by lignified sepals, greenish-yellow, sometimes with a pink tinge; seed one.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: December-February
  District(s): Kollam, Idukki
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Evergreen forests
  Distribution: Southern Western Ghats
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Southern Western Ghats
  IUCN status: Endangered (EN)
  Altitude:
  Localities: Ichampetty, Vallakkadavu
   
 
   
 
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