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  Meliosma simplicifolia ssp. simplicifolia
 
  Family: SABIACEAE
  Citation:  Meliosma simplicifolia (Roxb.) Walp. Rep. 1: 423. 1842, ssp. simplicifolia: Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 2: 5. 1876; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 256(182). 1918; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 126. 1984; Manilal, Fl. Silent Valley 65. 1988; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 115. 1988; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 112. 1989; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 134. 1990; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 125. 1994; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 79. 1995; Sasidh. et al., Bot. Stud. Med. Pl. Kerala 33. 1996; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 120. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 78. 1997; Swarup. et al., Shola For. Kerala 70. 1998; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 166. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 81. 1998; S.C. Majumdar in N.P. Singh et al., Fl. India 5: 423. 2000; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 77. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 144. 2005; N.P. Balakr. in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 794. 2005; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 249. 2009. Millingtonia simplicifolia Roxb., Pl. Corom. 3: 50. t.254. 1820, p.p.
  Malayalam Name(s): Chengoini, Chenthanam, Kallavi, Kolakkatta
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Trees, to 15 m high; bark greyish-yellow, smooth; branchlets glabrescent. Leaves simple, alternate, 9-40 x 2.5-15 cm, obovate-oblong to obovate, lanceolate, oblanceolate or oblong-lanceolate, apex acute, base cuneate or acute, margin entire, sometimes more or less dentate, glabrous, very rarely sparsely puberulous or pubescent on the midrib above especially in young leaves, sometimes sparsely pubescent beneath, often with domatia, coriaceous; petiole 15-50 mm, stout, puberulent, grooved above; lateral nerves 8-23 pairs, pinnate, ascending, intercostae reticulate, prominent. Flowers bisexual, subsessile, yellowish-white, solitary or more less crowded in lax panicles of 10-45 cm, branches slender, angular, sparsely to densely pubescent but never tomentose, the lower primary ones nearly always subtended by small to normal leaves. Sepals 4 or 5, ciliolate. Petals 3+2, yellow; inner petals bifid, lobes more or less divergent, narrow, glabrous, sometimes slightly fimbriate or ciliolate at the very tips; disc small, annular and toothed. Ovary superior, glabrous, 2-celled, 2-ovuled; style short. Fruit a drupe, globose, purple-black; endocarp subglobose, usually rather oblique, nearly triangular at ventral view, with more or less prominent rather coarse reticulum; median keel usually very prominent.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: March-June
  District(s): Palakkad, Kottayam, Idukki, Kollam, Pathanamthitta, Malappuram, Kannur, Thiruvananthapuram, Thrissur, Wayanad
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Evergreen and shola forests
  Distribution: Indo-Malesia and China
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White, Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: -1500
  Localities: Vazhachal, Rosemala, Kallar, Vallakkadavu, Thannikkudy, Karimala, Pooppara, Vattavada, Chandanathode, Malayattoor, Mannavan shola, Punnamala, Valiyaparathode, Chandanathode, Santhanpara, Mukkail-Anamooli forests, Hilton estate-Siruvani slopes, Nadugani g
   
 
   
 
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