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  Martynia annua
 
  Family: PEDALIACEAE
  Citation:  Martynia annua L., Sp. Pl. 618. 1753; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1003(705). 1924; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 213. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 296. 1984; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 271. 1985; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 328. 1988; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 560. 1990; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 336. 1990; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 340. 1994; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 486. 1997; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 527. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 603. 2009. Martynia diandra Gloxin, Obs. Bot. 14, t. 1. 1785; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 4: 386. 1884.
  Malayalam Name(s): Kakka-chundu, Pulinakham
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Devil's claw, Snake's head, Tiger's claw
  Description: Erect subshrubs to 1 m tall, glandular-hairy all over. Leaves 8-20 x 6-19 cm, broadly ovate to suborbicular, base cordate, margin sinuate-dentate, apex acute, chartaceous, palmately 5-nerved from base; petiole 8-14 cm long. Racemes 7-14- flowered, at the bifurcations of the branches; peduncle 4-8 cm long; pedicel 1-2 cm long; bracts 1-2 x 0.7-1 cm, broadly ovate, pale pink. Calyx lobes 5, greenish-white, 9-12 mm long; ovate-oblong. Corolla reddish-purple with yellow throat; tube 3-4 cm long; lobes rounded. Stamens 2; filaments white, c. 1 cm long; anther cells disjunct, superposed, longitudinally coherent with the opposite pair; staminodes 3. Fruits drupaceous, ovoid, flattened somewhat dorso-ventrally, ribbed, viscid-pubescent; endocarp 2-3 cm long, hard, black, with a hooked spine at tip.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: July-August
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Wastelands
  Distribution: Tropical and Subtropical America; naturalised in Indian subcontinent
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Rose, White
  Weed: Yes
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: Yes
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Malampuzha, Cannanore, Walayar, Panangotteri, Veli, Kasaragod, Alappuzha beach, Chanthakunnu
   
 
   
 
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