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KERALA PLANTS - DVD
5094 plants; 880 exotics; 100 more multiple keys for finding plants; 20,000 more plant images; 6,800 local/trade/common names and more...>>>
   
 
  Mangifera indica
 
  Family: ANACARDIACEAE
  Citation:  Mangifera indica L., Sp. Pl. 200. 1753; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 2: 13. 1876; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 259(185). 1918; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 73. 1982; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 111. 1985; Manilal, Fl. Silent Valley 67. 1988; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 117. 1988; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 149. 1990; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 138. 1990; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 122. 1996; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 129. 1994; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 84. 1995; Sasidh. et al., Bot. Stud. Med. Pl. Kerala 21, 29; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 169. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 80. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 83. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 80. 1999; D. Chandra & S.K. Mukh. in N.P. Singh et al., Fl. India 5: 466. 2000; Pradeep, Fl. Vellarimala 47. 2000; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 79. 2002; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 181. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 147. 2005; V. Chandra. in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 808. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 190. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 253. 2009.
  Malayalam Name(s): Amaram, Manga, Mampazham, Mavu, Moochi
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Mango tree, Cuckoo's joy
  Description: Evergreen trees, to 30 m high, bark 2-2.5 cm, dark grey, rough with vertical fissures; exudation yellowish, gummy. Leaves simple, alternate, clustered at the tips of branchlets, 9.2-40 x 2.5-8 cm, elliptic, elliptic-lanceolate, linear-oblong, apex acuminate, acute or obtusely acute, base attenuate or acute,margin entire, glabrous, shiny, coriaceous; petiole 10-75 mm long, stout, glabrous, pulvinate; lateral nerves 14-28 pairs, pinnate, prominent; intercostae reticulate, prominent. Flowers polygamous, yellowish-green, in terminal panicles; pedicels jointed; bract deciduous. Calyx 4-5 partite, ovate, imbricate, hairy without, cauducous. Petals 4-5, oblong-obovate, subequal, nerves at base gland crested, free or adnate to the disc; disc fleshy, cupular, 4-5 lobed. Stamens 4-5, inserted inside or on the disc, fertile stamens 1 or 2; filaments free, glabrous; staminodes gland-tipped. Ovary sessile, superior, oblique, 1-celled, ovule pendulous; style lateral; stigma simple. Fruit a drupe, 5-15 cm long, oblong-reniform, compressed, yellowish-red, mesocarp fleshy, endocarp fibrous; seed subreniform.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: January-May
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Evergreen and semi-evergreen forests and also widely cultivated
  Distribution: Indo-Malesia
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Creamy
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: Yes
  Vegetable: Yes
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 500-1000
  Localities: Vazhachal, Rosemala, Churullipetty, Pachakkanam, Vengoli, Valiyaparathode, Kalleli, Periya, Taliparamba, Kaikatty forests-Pothundy, Nedumkayam, Kulathupuzha, Vellarimala, Bonaccord, Kurisumala
   
 
   
 
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