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  Mammea longifolia
 
  Family: CLUSIACEAE/GUTTIFERAE
  Citation:  Mammea longifolia (Wight) Planch. & Triana, Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. ser. 4, 15: 240. 1861. Calysaccion longifolium Wight, Illustr. 1: 130. 1840 & Ic. t. 1999. 1853. Ochrocarpus longifolius (Wight) Anders. in Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 270. 1874; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 75(54). 1915. Mammea suriga (Buch.-Ham. ex Roxb.) Kosterm., Comm. For. Res. Inst. Indones. Bogor 72: 33, f.19. 1961; N.P. Singh in B.D. Sharma & Sanjappa, Fl. India 3: 132. 1993; W. Arisdason & P. Daniel in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 347. 2005. Calophyllum suriga Buch.-Ham. ex Roxb., Fl. Ind. 2: 608. 1832, nom. illeg.
  Malayalam Name(s): Punna, Seraya, Suran-punna
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Indian laurel
  Description: Evergreen tree, to 18 m tall, monoecious; bark rough, defoliating in irregular pieces; latex milky; branchlets obscurely 4-angled. Leaves opposite or verticillate, at ends of branchlets, oblong, oblong-lanceolate or elliptic, obtuse, acute or shortly cuneate at base, entire at margin, emarginate, retuse or short-acuminate at apex, 12-20 x 4.5-7.8 cm, glabrous, midnerve stout, channelled above, raised and striate beneath; lateral nerves 15-20 pairs, faint, connected by dense reticulate nervation; petioles stout, 6-10 mm long, channelled above. Fascicles in axils of fallen leaves. Flowers uni-and bisexual, ca 1 cm across, white or pinkish; bracteoles ca 8, subulate, 1-1.5 mm long; pedicels slender, thick above, 1.5-2.5 cm long. Calyx opening into 2 valves; lobes obtuse with a minute cusp at apex, concave, reflexed during anthesis, 5-7 mm long, reddish. Petals 4, ovate or oblong-obovate, 4-5 x 8.5-10 mm, white with red streaks, caducous. Stamens 60-100; filaments 4-5 mm long; anthers oblong or linear, retuse at apex, 2-3 x 0.5-0.8 mm. Ovary depressed-subglobose, 2-2.5 mm, 2-4 loculed; styles subulate, 1.5-3 mm long; stigmas large, umbonate, peltate, obscurely sinuate or 2-lobed; berries obliquely ovoid, 2.2-3 x 1-1.5 cm, with a hard pointed style at apex; seeds 1-4, ca 2 x 1 cm; stalks 1.7-2.5 cm long.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: March-July
  District(s): Kasaragode
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Evergreen and deciduous forests
  Distribution: India and Bangladesh
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White, Pink
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities:
   
 
   
 
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