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  Mallotus tetracoccus
 
  Family: EUPHORBIACEAE
  Citation:  Mallotus tetracoccus (Roxb.) Kurz, J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal Pt. 2, Nat. Hist. 41: 245. 1873; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 369. 1984; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 342. 1985; Manilal, Fl. Silent Valley 253. 1988; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 423. 1988; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 364. 1989; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 723. 1990; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 434. 1990; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 421. 1994; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 342. 1995; Sasidh. et al., Bot. Stud. Med. Pl. Kerala 22,31. 1996; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 408. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 291. 1997; Swarup. et al., Shola For. Kerala 48. 1998; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 630. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 375. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 287. 1999; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 295. 2002; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 613. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 451. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 641. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 745. 2009. Rottlera ferruginea Roxb., Fl. Ind. 3: 828. 1832. Mallotus ferrugineus (Roxb.) Müll.Arg. in DC., Prodr. 15: 982. 1866; N.P.Balakr. & Chakrab., Fam. Euphorbiaceae India 146. 2007. Rottlera albus var. occidentalis Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 5: 429. 1887; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1321(924). 1925.
  Malayalam Name(s): Adukanni, Perakela, Porivatta, Pottamaram, Vattakumbil, Thavittuvatta
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Dioecious trees, to 20 m high, bark 5-8 mm thick, surface grey, smooth, fibrous; branchlets grey tawny tomentose; young parts covered with rusty lepidote scales. Leaves simple, alternate, 9-21 x 7.5-20 cm, orbicular or deltoid-ovate, apex acuminate, base truncate, peltate, subcordate or round, margin entire or glandular dentate, glabrous above and tomentose below when matured, coriaceous; usually 5-ribbed from base, lateral nerves 6-8 pairs, pinnate, prominent, intercostae scalariform, prominent; stipules lateral, deciduous; petiole 4.5-10 cm long, stout, swollen at base, with 2 large glands at the top, stellate tomentose. Flowers unisexual, yellow, in terminal branching tomentose spicate panicles. Male flowers: 7 mm across, tepals 4, 2 mm, ovate; stamens many, crowed on a fleshy receptacle; filaments to 3 mm; anther cells unequal. Female flowers: 5 mm across, tepals 4, 2 mm, connate at base; ovary superior, 0.8 x 0.7 cm, 3-4 locular, densely stellate hairy, ovule one in each cell; style 3 mm, 3, plumose; stigma acute. Fruit a capsule 7-8 mm across, globose, loculicidal 3-4 valved, echinate with soft, woolly spines, white-tomentose; seeds angular, black.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: July-April
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Evergreen, semi-evergreen and shola forests, also in the plains
  Distribution: India, Sri Lanka and China
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 300-1600
  Localities: Peechi, Sholayar, Kattalappara, Olikkudy, Pachakkanam, Karimala, Nelluyampathy forests, Nadugani ghats, Campshed area, Moozhiar, Pampa valley, Chandanathode, Kannoth, Chindaki forest, Mukkali forests, Padagiri, Konnakadu, Elanginelvallikavu, Pooyamkutty,
   
 
   
 
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