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  Mahonia leschenaultii
  Citation:  Mahonia leschenaultii (Wall. ex Wight & Arn.) Takeda ex Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 32(23). 1915; Guha Bakshi in B. D. Sharma et al., Fl. India 1: 410. 1993; Sasidh. et al., Bot. Stud. Med. Pl. Kerala 36. 1996; Swarup. et al., Shola For. Kerala 44. 1998; N.C. Nair in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 198. 2005. Berberis leschenaultii Wall. ex Wight & Arn., Prodr. 16. 1834. Berberis nepalensis Spreng. in L., Syst. Veg. (ed.16) 2: 120. 1825, var. leschenaultii Hook. f. & Thoms. in Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 109. 1872.
  Malayalam Name(s): Manjanathi, Maramanjal, Mullukadambu, Mullumanjanathi
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Evergreen trees, 4-7 m tall; bark light brown, corky, vertically and horizontally fissured; blaze sulphur yellow. Leaves compound, imparipinnate, verticelled at the tips of branches; rachis 17-33 cm, slender, glabrous, base sheathing with 2 subulate stipules; leaflets 7-17, opposite, sessile; lamina 3-9 x 1-5 cm, ovate, ovate-lanceolate or oblong-ovate; base obliquely truncate, rounded, subcordate or very obtuse; apex cuspidate; margin spinose, glabrous, rigid, coriaceous, shining above, pale beneath; 3-5 nerved from the base, raised beneath; secondary laterals 3-5 pairs, pinnate; intercostae reticulate, faint. Flowers bisexual, yellow, in racemes generally fascicled at the apices of stem, in umbel fashion, erect or oblique, often paniculate, 7.5-40 cm; pedicels 6-16 mm, with 2-3 appressed bracts; sepals 6, imbricate in 2 series; petals 6, imbricate in 2 series; nectaries distinct; stamens 6, free, anthers-cells opening by recurved valves; ovary single celled; ovules 5-6, basal, erect; style stout; stigma peltate. Fruit a berry, 8 mm across, broadly ellipsoid-globose, purple, pruinose, bitter, 3-5 seeded.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: June-December
  District(s): Idukki
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Shola forests
  Distribution: Southern Western Ghats
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Southern Western Ghats
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: -2500
  Localities: Munnar, Eravikulam
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