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  Magnolia champaca
 
  Family: MAGNOLIACEAE
  Citation:  Magnolia champaca (L.) Baill. ex Pierre, Fl. Forest. Cochinch. t. 3. 1880; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 90. 2009. Michelia champaca L., Sp. Pl. 536. 1753; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 42. 1872; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 9 (6). 1915; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 26. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 60. 1984; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 55. 1989; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 2. 1990; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 45. 1990; D. C. S. Raju in B. D. Sharma et al., Fl. India 1: 175. 1993; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 43. 1994; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 3. 1998; Ravikumar & Ved, Illustr. Field Guide 100 Red Listed Med. Pl. 235. 2000; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 39. 2005; N.P. Balakr. in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 127. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 70. 2009. Michelia rheedei Wight, Illustr. 1: 14. 1840.
  Malayalam Name(s): Chembakam, Champakam
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Champak, Golden champa, Yellow champa
  Description: Evergreen trees, to 30 m high, bole straight; bark 10-12 mm thick, surface grey with numerous pits; blaze yellow; branchlets lenticellate, scarious; lenticels elliptic. Leaves simple, alternate; stipules 1-2.5 cm long, lateral, adnate to the petiole, ovate, subglabrous, enclosing leaf buds, deciduous, leaving annular scar; petiole 10-30 mm long, slender, pubescent, grooved above; lamina 8-25 x 4-10 cm, ovate, ovate-lanceolate, elliptic-lanceolate or elliptic-oblong, base acute, apex acuminate, margin entire, wavy, glabrous above, puberulent beneath, surface alveolate, coriaceous; lateral nerves 8-18 pairs, pinnate, prominent; intercostae reticulate, prominent. Flowers bisexual, yellow or white, fragrant, 4-5 cm across, axillary or terminal, solitary; flower bud enclosed by a greenish-yellow, spathaceous, pubescent, coriaceous, deciduous bracts; pedicels 16 mm long, stout, perianth parts 12-15, 4.5-8 cm long, oblanceolate, or oblong-lanceolate, gradually acute towards the centre, fleshy; stamens numerous, subcalvate; filaments short, flat; connective appendage up to 1 mm long; anthers 8-6 mm long; carpels many, superior, ovoid-oblong, densely hairy. Fruit an aggregate of capsules 1.5 x 1 cm, laxly arranged, ovoid to ellipsoid, white sparkle; seeds 3-4, enclose by fleshy red aril.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: March-July
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Evergreen forests, also grown as garden plant
  Distribution: Indo-Malesia and China
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow, White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: Yes
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: -1800
  Localities: Thannikkudy, Mananthavady, Moozhiar, Chinnakanal, Karasurymala, Purakkad
   
 
   
 
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