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  Madhuca neriifolia
 
  Family: SAPOTACEAE
  Citation:  Madhuca neriifolia (Moon) H. J. Lam, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 7.182,265. 1925; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 241. 1984; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 220. 1985; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 264. 1988; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 231. 1989; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 394. 1990; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 277. 1994; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 202. 1995; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 265. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 188. 1997; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 396. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 227. 1998; Pradeep, Fl. Vellarimala 97. 2000; Ravikumar & Ved, Illustr. Field Guide 100 Red Listed Med. Pl. 231. 2000 Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 179. 2002; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 413. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 296. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 407. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 496. 2009. Bassia neriifolia Moon, Cat. Pl. Ceylon 36. 1824. Bassia malabarica Bedd., For. Man. Bot. 140.1872; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 3:544.1882; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 763(537). 1921.
  Malayalam Name(s): Attu-ilippa, Iluppa, Kattirippa, Neeririppa, Wallangi
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Evergreen trees, to 15 m high, bark 6-8 mm thick, dark brown to grey, knotty, deeply fissured and peeling off in rectangular strips, 3 cm long, 2 cm wide; latex milky; young shoots glabrous. Leaves simple, alternate, crowded at the tip of branchlets, 8-15 x 2.5-5.5 cm, elliptic-lanceolate, linear-oblong, oblong-lanceolate, oblanceolate, elliptic-oblong or obovate, base acute or attenuate, apex obtuse or acute, margin entire, glabrous, coriaceous, glossy, slender; petiole 6-18 mm long, stout, grooved above, glabrous; lateral nerves 15-22 pairs, slender, parallel; intercostae reticulate, faint, slender. Flowers bisexual, yellowish-white, in axillary subterminal fascicles, 10-12 mm across, pedicels minutely tomentose, enlarges in fruit. Calyx tube ovate-acute, 0.7 x 0.5 cm, minutely tomentose. Corolla lobes 8-10, campanulate, 1.5-2 cm long, tomentose outside except the margins. Stamens 16-20 in 2 rows, anthers linear, appendage 1 mm long, filaments short, villous; anthers lanceolate, long ciliate at base, connective produced. Ovary 0.5 cm long, oblong, superior, glabrous without, 6-8-celled; ovules 1 in each cell; style slender 2-2.5 cm long. Fruit a berry, 2-3 cm long, 1-1.5 cm wide ellipsoid, beaked; seed one, pale brown and shining, narrowly ellipsoid, 2.5 cm long, compressed, acute at both ends.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: November-March
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Banks of rivers in evergreen and semi-evergreen forests, also in the plains
  Distribution: India and Sri Lanka
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow, White, Creamy
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 300-1200
  Localities: Sholayar, Vazhachal, Choodal, Kulathupuzha, Vallakkadavu, Koruthode, Anappadi, Muthalakkuzhi, Kallar, Peppara, Kuruva Island, on way to Nilamel, Arayad, Pampa valley, Aralam, Tirunalli, Panathur, Vandanam, Kanjirakadavu, Saivila, Nedumkayam, Thenmalai, M
   
 
   
 
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