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  Madhuca longifolia var. longifolia
 
  Family: SAPOTACEAE
  Citation:  Madhuca longifolia (Koenig) J.F. Macbr., Contrib. Gray Herb. Harv. Univ. (ns) 53: 17. 1918, var. longifolia; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 266. 1990; Ravikumar & Ved, Illustr. Field Guide 100 Red Listed Med. Pl. 227. 2000; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 295. 2005. Bassia longifolia Koenig in L., Mant. Pl. 2: 563. 1771; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 3: 544. 1882; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 763(537). 1921.
  Malayalam Name(s): Ilupa, Irippa, Madhookam, Njannal, Poonam
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): South Indian mahua
  Description: Medium-sized to large much-branched deciduous trees. Leaves crowded at apex of year's growth, 6-15 x 1.5-4 cm, narrowly oblong, elliptic, oblanceolate or obovate, rounded to acuminate at the apex, cuneate at the base, glabrous when mature, midrib and petiole silky hairy at first; lateral nerves about 10-12 pairs; venation reticulate; petioles slender, 1-2.5 cm long. Flowers solitary in axils of small deciduous bracts; pedicels slender, 3-5 cm long, somewhat thickened toward apex, glabrous, at first erect then drooping. Sepals ovate, 8 x 6 mm, acuminate, the outer pair usually nearly glabrous and darker, the inner finely tometose and paler. Corolla yellowish, whitish or yellowish green, fleshy; tube inflated, 8 mm long; lobes 8-12, oblong, about as long as tube, obtuse, erose. Anthers 16-24, those of the upper whorl sessile, hairy. Style exserted 2 cm. Fruit yellow, oblong or oblong-ellipsoid, 33.5 x 1.7-2.3 cm; seeds ochraceous, ovoid, slightly compressed, one edge straight, the other curved, with short curved beak at both ends, shining.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: March-June
  District(s): Idukki, Palakkad, Pathanamthitta
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Moist deciduous forests
  Distribution: Sri Lanka, India, Tropical Himalaya
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow, White, Creamy
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities:
   
 
   
 
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