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  Madhuca bourdillonii
  Citation:  Madhuca bourdillonii (Gamble) H.J. Lam, Bull. Bot. Buitenz. ser.3, 7: 463. 1927; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 241. 1984; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 265. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 188. 1997. Bassia bourdillonii Gamble, Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1921: 121. 1921 & Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 763(536). 1921. Bassia fulva Bourd., For. Trees Travancore 238. 1908, non (Thw.) Bedd. 1882.
  Malayalam Name(s): Thandidiyan, Ponavu
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Trees, to 30 m high, bark 6-8 mm thick, surface greyish-brown, shallowly fissured; blaze pink-red; latex milky white; younger branches fulvous tomentose. Leaves simple, alternate, crowded at the tip of branchlets, estipulate; petiole 15-45 mm, slender, pubescent, swollen at base; lamina 15-30 x 6.5-7.5, linear-elliptic, oblanceolate or spathulate, base cuneate, apex acute or shortly obtusely acuminate, margin entire, fulvous tomentose when young, becoming glabrous above and glabrescent below, except the midrib, coriaceous; lateral nerves 20-25 pairs, parallel, nearly right angles to midrib, slender; intercostae reticulate, faint. Flowers bisexual, yellowish-white, 1.7 cm long, in axillary fascicles, appear along with new flush; peduncles 2.5-3.8 cm; pedicels 1.5-2 cm long, densely brown tomentose; calyx lobes 4, ovate, outer 0.7 x 0.6 cm, brown tomentose; corolla campanulate, tube broad, 12-lobed; stamens 24, in two whorls; filaments short; anthers 3.5 mm long, glabrous, ovate, connective appendage 1 mm long; ovary ovoid, glabrous, 11 or 12-celled, superior; style subulate, elongate. Fruit a berry, green, smooth, ovoid, 3.7 cm across; seeds 4-5, ellipsoid.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: November-July
  District(s): Kollam, Thrissur
  Habitat: Semi-evergreen forests
  Distribution: Southern Western Ghats
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow, White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Southern Western Ghats
  IUCN status: Endangered (EN)
  Localities: Vellanimala, Vazhani, Kattalappara, Aryankavu
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