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  Macaranga indica
 
  Family: EUPHORBIACEAE
  Citation:  Macaranga indica Wight, Ic. t. 1883. 1852; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 5: 446. 1887; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1326(927). 1925; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 368. 1984; Manilal, Fl. Silent Valley 252. 1988; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 432. 1990; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 374. 1998; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 449. 2005; N.P.Balakr. & Chakrab., Fam. Euphorbiaceae India 141. 2007.
  Malayalam Name(s): Malavetta, Puthatamara, Uppotti, Vatta, Vattakkanni
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Gregarious trees, bark grey, smooth; exudation red, watery; branchlets fulvous tomentose, glaucous. Leaves simple, alternate; stipules large, lateral, densely pubescent, deciduous; petiole 12-22 cm long, stout, pubescent; lamina 15-30 x 12-25 cm, ovate-orbicular or deltoid-ovate, base peltate, apex acuminate, margin entire or toothed, glabrous above and tawny-pubescent, intermingled with yellowish glands beneath; 2 large glands near the petiolar insertion above, coriaceous; 8-10 ribs from base, palmate, prominent; lateral nerves 6-12 pairs, parallel, prominent; intercostae scalariform, prominent, margin glandular. Flowers unisexual, yellow, in axillary panicles having zig-zag branches; bracts small with a large, flat glandular appendage; male flowers: tepals 3, initially connate, later spreading, concave, ovate, valvate, acute, glandular; stamens 6-8, shortly connate below, exserted; anthers 4-celled; female flowers: tepals 4, lanceolate, basally connate at base, valvate, acute, glandular; ovary superior, 2-6-celled, globose, echinate, ovules one in each cell; style lateral; stigma acute. Fruit a capsule, 7-8 mm across, globose, echinate; seeds black.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: October-December
  District(s): Idukki, Kollam, Pathanamthitta, Palakkad
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Degraded forest areas
  Distribution: South and South East Asia
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Green, Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Uppupara, Damsite, Angamoozhy, Lock-hert gap, Kaikatty, Padagiri
   
 
   
 
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