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  Litsea travancorica
 
  Family: LAURACEAE
  Citation:  Litsea travancorica Gamble, Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1925: 132. 1925 & Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1237(866). 1925; N.C. Nair & Mohanan, Journ. Econ. Tax. Bot. 3: 576. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 348. 1984; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 396. 1994; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 273. 1997; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 425. 2005.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Dioecious trees, to 5 m high, bark greyish-brown, smooth; blaze dull yellow; branches some what pale; young shoots ferruginous tomentose. Leaves usually opposite or subopposite at the end of branchlets, alternate lower down, simple, estipulate; petiole 5-10 mm long, stout, ferruginous tomentose; lamina 10.5-18 x 3-6 cm, oblong or obovate, base obtuse or acute, apex acuminate, margin entire, glabrous above, fulvous-pubescent especially on nerves beneath, chartaceous; lateral nerves 8-12 pairs, pinnate, prominent intercostae subscalariform, faint. Flowers unisexual, yellowish, in axillary crowded sessile umbellules; bracts orbicular, ferruginous; perianth tube short, lobes 6, ovate, seriaceous; stamens 12, in 4 rows, filaments of rows 1 and 2 eglandular, those of rows 3 and 4 with 2-glands; anthers 4-celled; staminodes in female flowers as the stamens in male, but those of inner rows subulate and 2-glandular, inner rows linear; ovary half inferior, ovoid, glabrous; style stout; stigma capitate. Fruit a berry, globose 1 cm across, glabrous, seated on enlarged perianth tube; perianth tube cupular, dentate, villous inside.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: February-May
  District(s): Kollam, Pathanamthitta, Thiruvananthapuram
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Evergreen forests
  Distribution: Southern Western Ghats
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Southern Western Ghats
  IUCN status: Endangered (EN)
  Altitude:
  Localities: Kallar, Arippa, Kulathupuzha, Angamoozhy, Ponmudi
   
 
   
 
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