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  Litsea keralana
  Citation:  Litsea keralana Kosterm. in Ceylon J. Sci., Biol. Sci. 12: 138. 1977. Litsea insignis Gamble, Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1925: 130. 1925 & Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1237(866). 1925; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 347. 1984; Sasidh. et al., Bot. Stud. Med. Pl. Kerala 23. 1996; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 382. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 351. 1998; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 570. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 425. 2005.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Dioecious trees, to 20 m high; bark greyish-brown, lenticellate, blaze dull yellow; branchlets ferruginous tomentose. Leaves simple, alternate, estipulate; petiole 10-25 mm long, stout, ferruginous; lamina 10-25 x 3.5-14 cm, broadly, elliptic-oblong or obovate, base slightly acute, obtuse or truncate, apex obtuse, margin entire, glabrous above and roughly fulvous-pubescent beneath, coriaceous; lateral nerves 7-12 pairs, pinnate, prominent beneath, intercostae scalariform, prominent. Flowers unisexual, yellowish, in axillary, lateral or cauliflorus umbellules 10-20 together; peduncle 7-10 mm long; bracts orbicular, densely hairy; flowers 6-8 in an umbellule, sessile; perianth lobes 5, oblong, densely hairy; stamens 12, in 4 rows; filaments hairy, of rows 1 and 2 eglandular, those of rows 3 and 4 with 2-glands filaments; anthers 4-celled, introrse; staminodes as the stamens of male but those of inner rows subulate and 2-glandular; ovary enclosed irregularly lobed perianth cup, half inferior; style thick; stigma diliated. Fruit a berry 2.5-3 x 1.5-2 cm, ellipsoid, obtuse, reddish-brown, glabrous, seated on the enlarged obconic perianth tube of 1.5 cm across and 1 cm height.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: September-October
  District(s): Kollam, Idukki, Pathanamthitta, Palakkad, Thiruvananthapuram, Thrissur
  Habitat: Semi-evergreen and evergreen forests
  Distribution: Western Ghats
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Western Ghats
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 700-1000
  Localities: Sholayar, Karadikkavala, Chenthamara, Pampa thriveny, Attayar, Chemungi
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