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5094 plants; 880 exotics; 100 more multiple keys for finding plants; 20,000 more plant images; 6,800 local/trade/common names and more...>>>
  Litsea floribunda
  Citation:  Litsea floribunda (Blume) Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1238(867). 1925; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 347. 1984; Manilal, Fl. Silent Valley 236. 1988; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 395. 1988; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 405. 1990; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 394. 1994; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 314. 1995; Sasidh. et al., Bot. Stud. Med. Pl. Kerala 23,31. 1996; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 382. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 271. 1997; Swarup. et al., Shola For. Kerala 56. 1998; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 587. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 351. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 270. 1999; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 270. 2002; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 569. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 425. 2005; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 701. 2009. Cylicodaphne floribunda Blume, Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 1: 387. 1851. Litsea wightiana Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 5: 177. 1886, quoad descr.
  Malayalam Name(s): Pattuthali
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Dioecious trees, to 15 high, bark 8-10 mm thick, light brown, smooth, brittle, lenticellate; lenticels horizontal; branchlets brown to black pubescent. Leaves simple, alternate, 7.5-28 x 3.7-10.5 cm, elliptic, obovate-oblong, elliptic-oblong or ovate-oblong, apex acute, or acuminate, base acute, margin entire, glabrous above except midrib above and rusty tomentose beneath, coriaceous; petiole 10-15 mm long, stout, pubescent; lateral nerves 10-15 pairs, pinnate, prominent; intercostae subscalariform, prominent. Flowers unisexual, in axillary racemose umbellule; peduncle upto 1 mm long, silky pubescent; bracts 4, orbicular, silky tomentose; flowers 6-8 in an umbellule. Perianth tube turbinate, silky tomentose, lobes 6. Stamens 12, in 4 rows; filaments hairy, those of rows 1 and 2 usually eglandular, those of rows 3 and 4 with 2-glands; anthers 4-celled, introrse; staminodes in female flowers as the stamens of males but those of the outer rows clavate or linear, those of the inner rows subulate and 2 glandular. Ovary half inferior, stigma capitate. Fruit a berry, 12-18 mm long, oblong, seated on a turbinate perianth tube.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: December-April
  District(s): Palakkad, Kollam, Idukki, Pathanamthitta, Malappuram, Kannur, Thiruvananthapuram, Thrissur, Wayanad
  Habitat: Evergreen, semi-evergreen and shola forests
  Distribution: Western Ghats
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White, Creamy
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Western Ghats
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 1400-1600
  Localities: Sholayar, Ponmudi, Kallar, Olikkudy, Mangaladevi, Chenthamara, Pooppara, Kottayali, Damsite, Almost all forests, Manantody, Tirunalli, Chandanathode, Mukkali forests, Karasurymala, Padagiri, Ponmudi, Nadugani ghats, Teppakulam, Pongalapara, Agasthymala p
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