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KERALA PLANTS - DVD
5094 plants; 880 exotics; 100 more multiple keys for finding plants; 20,000 more plant images; 6,800 local/trade/common names and more...>>>
   
 
  Litsea coriacea
 
  Family: LAURACEAE
  Citation:  Litsea coriacea (Heyne ex Meisner) Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 5: 166. 1886; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1236(865). 1925; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 251. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 347. 1984; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 325. 1985; Manilal, Fl. Silent Valley 236. 1988; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 395. 1988; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 347. 1989; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 691. 1990; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 404. 1990; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 394. 1994; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 313. 1995; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 382. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 271. 1997; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 586. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 349. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 269. 2002; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 569. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 425. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 610. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 700. 2009. Tetranthera coriacea Heyne ex Meisner in DC., Prodr. 15: 186. 1864.
  Malayalam Name(s): Kanayooram, Maravettithali, Pannithali, Vettithali
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Dioecious trees, to 12 m high, bark pale brown, thinly scaly; branchlets puberulous, rather slender. Leaves simple, alternate, 8.5-17.5 x 2.5-7.5 cm, elliptic-lanceolate or elliptic-ovate, apex acute or acuminate, base acute or cuneate,margin entire, coriaceous, glabrous above, minutely puberulous beneath; petiole 5-10 mm long, slender, pubescent; lateral nerves 6-9 pairs, pinnate, slender, prominent, intercostae reticulate, obscure. Flowers unisexual, white, in 4-flowered axillary, subsessile, crowded, umbels; bracts 4, silky; perianth tube funnel shaped, finely silky, lobes 6. Stamens 12, in 4 rows; those of rows 1 and 2 usually eglandular, glands of those opposite to tepals very large; staminodes in female flowers as the stamens of males, but those of inner rows subulate and 2-glandular. Ovary half inferior, ovoid; style slender; stigma small, erect. Fruit a berry, 10-12 mm long, ovoid, greenish-white, seated on a thickened perianth tube.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: December-January
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Semi-evergreen forests and sacred groves
  Distribution: Peninsular India
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Peninsular India
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 300-700
  Localities: Vazhachal, Umiyar, Kattalappara, Vallakkadavu, Karadikkavala, Karimala, Thellickal, Kuriarkutty, Nadugani ghats, Panthenthode border, Pathenthode, Almost all forests, Kannoth, Karimbam, on way to Panoth, Tirunalli, Taliparamba, Mukkali forests, Ayyappank
   
 
   
 
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