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  Lepidagathis keralensis
 
  Family: ACANTHACEAE
  Citation:  Lepidagathis keralensis Madhu. & Singh, Kew Bull. 47: 301. 1992.
  Malayalam Name(s): Nonganampullu, Paramullu, Venappacha
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Perennial, prostrate, much branched herbs with woody rootstock; stem glabrous, quadrangular, more or less winged. Leaves simple, opposite, 10 mm x 3 mm, narrowly oblong-lanceolate, acute or blunt-acuminate at apex, dark green with purple margins, rigid, plicate, glabrous, conspicuously nerved. Spikes 1-3, terminal, procumbent, 2 cm long. Flowers sessile, ca 1 cm long; sterile bracts many (5-8), more or less uniform, up to 10 x 4 mm, oblong- lanceolate, densely pubescent, each with a stiff, sharply pointed mucronate spine, persistent. Calyx villous, deeply 5-lobed, lobes unequal, persistent, similar to bracts. Corolla 10 mm long, densely hairy in bud, tube cylindric below, suddenly expanded, 2- lipped, upper lip 2-lobed, erect or reflexed, pink, lower lip 3-lobed, pink with white to yellow palate. Stamens 4, didynamous, up to 6 mm long, sparsely hairy, 2-celled, purple to deep violet in colour. Disc annular. Ovary compressed ovoid, 2 mm long, 2- celled with one ovule in each; style slender, 7-8 mm long, hairy at lower ventral region with glands; stigma capitate, slightly bifid. Fruit a compressed capsule, 6 mm long, glabrous; seeds 2, flat, softly hairy with white aril.
  Habit: Herb
  Flowering & Fruiting: December-April
  District(s): Kannur
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Laterirte hills near seacoast
  Distribution: South India (Kerala)
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Rose
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Kerala
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Ezhimala, Madaipara, Madayippara, Pazhyangadi, Payangadi
   
 
   
 
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