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  Lagerstroemia speciosa
 
  Family: LYTHRACEAE
  Citation:  Lagerstroemia speciosa (L.) Pers., Syn. 2:72.1806; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 114. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 189. 1984; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 192. 1988; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 203. 1994; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 299. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 379. 2009. Lagerstroemia reginae Roxb., Pl. Corom. t. 65. 1796; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 166. 1985; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 143. 1995; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 205. 1990. Lagerstroemia flos-reginae Retz., Obs. Bot. 5: 25.1788; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 2:577.1879; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 513(362). 1919. Lagerstroemia hirsuta (Lam.) Willd., Sp. Pl. 2: 1178. 1799; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 262. 1990; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 195. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 132. 1997; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 278. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 148. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 131. 2002; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 286. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 227. 2005. Adambea hirsuta Lam., Encycl. 1: 39. 1783.
  Malayalam Name(s): Adamboe, Cholaventekku, Manimaruthu, Nirmaruthu, Poomarathi, Poomaruthu
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Banaba, Pride of India, Queen of flowers, Queen crepe myrtle
  Description: Deciduous trees, to 25 m high, bark 4-6 mm thick, yellowish-brown, smooth; fibrous. Leaves simple, opposite or subopposite, 7.5-25 x 3-10 cm, oblong, ovate-lanceolate, elliptic-lanceolate or elliptic-oblong, apex acute, base obtuse, round or acute, margin entire, glabrous, coriaceous; stipules intrapetiolar, deciduous; petiole 6-12 mm long, stout, glabrous; lateral nerves 11-19 pairs, parallel, prominent beneath, intercostae reticulate, prominent. Flowers bisexual, 5-7 cm across, mauve or pink, in terminal panicles; inflorescence branches puberulous; pedicel 1 cm long. Calyx tube 1 x 1.3 cm, hemispherical, puberulous, ribbed without; lobes 6, triangular, acute. Petals 6, 4 x 2.5 cm, obovate, clawed, margins crispate. Stamens many, inserted near the base of the calyx tube; filaments exserted. Ovary half inferior, sessile, glabrous, 6-celled, ovules many; style 2 cm long, curved; stigma capitate. Fruit a capsule, 18-30 mm long, ovoid, brown, woody, dehiscent; seeds 10-12 mm long, winged, pale brown.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: March-November
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Semi-evergreen and evergreen forests, mostly along banks of streams; also planted as avenue tree
  Distribution: Indo-Malesia
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Pink, Violet
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: Yes
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 400-700
  Localities: Vellanimala, Kattalappara, Koruthode, Moozhiar, Kothala, Thannithode, Aralam, Kannoth, Parappa, Periyarum, Nileswar, Pallivasal, Mukkali forests, Dhoni R. F., Pothundy, Kanjikuzhi, Nedumkayam, Karimpuzha, Ariankavu, Kulathupuzha, Kalangkunnu, Attayar
   
 
   
 
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