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  Kydia calycina
  Citation:  Kydia calycina Roxb., Pl. Corom. 3: 11. t. 215. 1811; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 348. 1874; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 93(67). 1915; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 62. 1988; Manilal, Fl. Silent Valley 27. 1988; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 81. 1990; T.K. Paul in B.D. Sharma & Sanjappa, Fl. India 3: 344. 1993; Sivar. & Pradeep, Malvac. Southern Peninsular India 159. 1996; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 86. 1997; M. Mohanan & A.V.N. Rao in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 429. 2005; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 151. 2009. Kydia fraterna Roxb., Pl. Corom. 3: 12. t.216. 1811. Kydia roxburghiana Wight, Ic. t. 881. 1844-45.
  Malayalam Name(s): Vellachadachi, Vellukku, Vellukkuventa
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Roxburgh's Kydia, Pula
  Description: Trees, to 15 m high, bark 5-6 mm thick, greyish-brown, irregularly flaking off in thin small scales; branchlets terete, stellate pubescent. Leaves simple, alternate, stipulate; stipules free, lateral, to 1 cm, subulate; petiole 2.5-10 cm long, slender, stellate-tomentose; lamina 5-15 x 4-13 cm, broadly ovate to suborbicular, 3-5 lobed, base obtuse, cordate, round or truncate, apex obtuse or acute, margin crenate-dentate or subentire, coriaceous, stellate-tomentose above, velvety beneath; 5-7 nerved from base, palmate, prominent, with a single rasied elliptic nectary at the base of the midrib beneath or 3-nectaries on the principle nerves beneath, lateral nerves 3-4 pairs, pinnate, prominent, intercostae scalariform, prominent. Flowers polygamo-dioecious, white, in axillary and terminal panicles; peduncle stellate-tomentose; pedicel upto 5 mm long, stellate-tomentose; involucellar bracts 4-5, connate at base, obovate-spathulate, stellate-tomentose, accrescent; calyx 6 mm long, 5-lobed, divided to the middle, lobes ovate-acute, stellate-tomentose outside, silky glaucous within, accrescent; corolla 1.8 cm across in male flowers, to 1 cm across in female flowers, white; petals 4-5, adnate to the staminal column, spathulate, ciliate along the margins, clawed at base; staminal column 4 mm long, glandular throughout, hairy at base, 5-branched at apex with 4-6 sessile reniform anthers at its top; pistillode with a short style; ovary superior, 3-locular, ovules 2 in each locule; stylar branches 3, glabrous; stigmas large, peltate, minutely hairy; staminode with 3-5 clefted staminal column, each with 2-3 connate, rudimentary anthers at its apex. Fruit a capsule, 3-6 mm across, subglobose, stellate-tomentose, completely enclosed within the calyx; seeds one in each locule, reniform, concentrically striated, glabrous, brownish.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: October-December
  District(s): Malappuram, Palakkad, Kannur, Wayanad
  Habitat: Semi-evergreen and moist deciduous forests
  Distribution: India, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Bhutan and China
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Localities: Mukkali forests, Nadugani ghats, Pathenthode, Pisiadamala, Tolpetty, Attappady R.F., Chindaki forest, Nedumkayam
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